Construction sites are often associated with higher accident statistics and incident rates. This may be due to the nature of construction, as workers are constantly exposed to dangers that other workers do not experience. While construction is a complex industry, construction accidents tend to involve a few major types of work- related injuries. Below are some construction site accident statistics. These are both non-fatal and fatal statistics derived from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA).

Work-related injuries may be defined as an event or exposure to a work environment which either caused or contributed to the final condition of injury. These also include aggravations of pre-existing injuries or conditions.

Non-Fatal Construction Site Injury Statistics

  • 67,940 non-fatal construction injuries were reported in 2012; this represents 7.5% of the total non-fatal injuries reported for all industries
  • The incident rate of non-fatal injuries is 3.7 incidents per 100 workers in 2012

According to the type of incident, injuries per 10,000 workers in 2012 were caused by:

  • Contact with  level 12.3 incidents per 10,000 workers
  • The median objects 48.7 incidents per 10,000 workers
  • Fall to a lower level 17.7 incidents per 10,000 workers
  • Overexertion/Lifting 15.1 incidents per 10,000 workers
  • Fall on samenumber of days away from work after a non-fatal construction injury was 11 days in 2013

Fatal Construction Site Accidents

There were 775 total deaths in construction in the year 2012. This accounts for 19.6% of total fatalities for all industries in 2012.

The leading causes of fatal construction site accidents are called the "Fatal Four". These four causes are:

  1. Falls (278 deaths; 36% of total construction site deaths in 2012) (78 deaths; 10% of total deaths in 2012)
  2. Struck by an object (66 deaths; 9% of total deaths in 2012)
  3. Electrocution (13 deaths; 2% of total deaths in 2012 )
  4. Caught in between objects

Most Common OSHA Violations

In 2013, the ten most common OSHA violations in the industry of construction were:

  • Violations of fall protection standards
  • Violations of hazard communication standards
  • Scaffolding violations
  • Respiratory protection violations
  • Conduct regarding electrical and wiring standards
  • Violations of industrial truck/vehicle standards
  • Construction ladder hazards
  • Failing to conform with hazardous energy control and output
  • Violations involving electrical designs
  • Machinery violations

To summarize, the most common causes of non-fatal construction site injuries are contact with objects and falls to lower levels of building construction. For fatal accidents, falls and objects are also the leading causes. On the whole, OSHA and other sources report that the overall statistics for construction sites have been steadily declining since the 1970’s.

Do I Need a Lawyer for Help with Construction Site Accidents?

Injuries sustained at a construction site can sometimes be very serious or even fatal. If you or a loved one has been affected by a construction site accident, you may wish to hire a personal injury lawyer for advice. Your attorney can help you file a claim and can represent you in court during the process. Also, if you have any specific questions regarding health and safety violations, your attorney can help conduct an investigation.