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What Is a Single-Car Accident?

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What Is a Single-Car Accident?

A single-car accident is a car accident involving only one vehicle. In other words, the collision happens with only one vehicle, rather than with two or more vehicles.

Determining fault in a car accident involving two vehicles usually depends on who was negligent before or during the crash. However, determining fault may become more complex when only one car is involved.

How Does a Single-Car Accident Occur?

A single-car accident can occur when a vehicle:

  • Flips over without hitting or being hit by a second vehicle
  • Runs off the side of the road
  • Spins out of control and may or may not hit anything
  • Collides with a tree
  • Hits a pedestrian
  • Collides with a guardrail
  • Hits a deer

When Am I Not Liable for a Single-Car Accident?

When driving, every driver has a duty to obey traffic laws and keep pedestrians and other drivers safe. In some cases, a driver may not be liable for the accident because the accident:

  • Did not involve a second driver
  • Involved equipment failure
  • Was due to a poor road design or bad road conditions

Am I at Fault If the Single-Car Accident Involved a Pedestrian?

Car-pedestrian crashes involve fault, which is usually dependent on negligence, in the same manner as a two-car accident. A driver is not automatically liable for hitting a pedestrian. The pedestrian will have to prove the driver:

  1. Had a duty to the pedestrian
  2. Violated that duty
  3. Caused the single-car accident
  4. Is liable for injuries or property loss the plaintiff incurred

Can I File an Insurance Claim for My Accident?

Whether a driver can file an insurance claim on the single-vehicle accident depends on the type of coverage:

  • Liability coverage pays for property damage and bodily injuries caused by an injured driver.
  • No fault coverage compensates for property damage and bodily injury the driver caused someone else.
  • Collision coverage covers any damage to the insured car caused by a collision with an object or another vehicle.
  • Comprehensive coverage pays for the insured for the property damage and bodily injury caused.

Do I Need an Attorney to Help Me with My Single-Car Accident?

When you are trying to recover damages or if you are being sued for a car accident, it is helpful to contact a personal injury attorney. A lawyer can assist you with handling your case, including assisting you with settlement negotiations and putting together the required items for a trial.

Photo of page author Taelonnda Sewell

, LegalMatch Legal Writer

Last Modified: 07-20-2015 06:40 PM PDT

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