Legal Definitions – W (Page 2)
Will Amendment – The addition of new provisions to a will, or the deletion of existing provisions from a will without creating a completely new will.
Will Substitute – A legal mechanism that allows a person to transfer their property to a beneficiary without undergoing the state probate process. Under this mechanism, the title to the asset may be distributed to the beneficiary while the estate holder is still alive.
Willful Blindness – A situation where a person intentionally avoids learning of facts or occurrences so as to avoid criminal or civil liability despite being aware of a high probability of illegal conduct.
Wire Fraud – A federal crime in which the perpetrator uses interstate wire communications facilities to carry out a scheme to defraud.
Work at Home Fraud – A form of fraud in which the scam artists place an ad offering people an opportunity to work from home for a company and requiring them to pay an upfront cost for supplies that are required to engage in the work, prompting the victims to pay a lot of money for supplies that they will never receive.
Work for Hire Clause – An employment contract clause that entitles the employer to take ownership of all ideas, innovations, and discoveries made by the employee.
Work Permit – A document that can be used by someone who is not a citizen or lawful permanent resident to prove they may work in the United States. It is officially called an Employment Authorization Document (EAD).
Work Product – Anything created by an employee that becomes property of the employer under certain conditions.
Work Records – Documents and data that are compiled by employers regarding their employees, including financial statements and immigration documents.
Work-Related Injury – An injury that is caused by one’s work tasks or that results from the performance of their described job duties.
Worker’s Compensation – A state-mandated insurance program that provides compensation to employees who suffer job-related injuries. See Also: Workplace Injuries and Non-Workers Compensation Claims , Medical Treatment for Workers Compensation, Workers Compensation Coverage
Workforce Reduction – A situation in which an employer institutes a mass termination of employees in efforts to reduce costs. It is also known as downsizing.
Workplace Disciplinary Policies – Policies set up by employers to provide guidance as to how employees should conduct themselves in the workplace.
Workplace Dress Code – A set of rules that dictate how employees are supposed to appear while in the workplace. These rules must not violate anti-discrimination laws.
Workplace Privacy – Privacy that an employee can reasonably expect in a workplace, including privacy from their own employer.
Wrap-Around Mortgage – A type of loan wherein a borrower takes out a second mortgage loan to help guarantee payments on their original mortgage. The borrower makes payments on both of the mortgages to the new lender, who is called the "wrap-around" lender, and the new lender makes payments on the original mortgage to the original lender.
Wrongful Birth – A tort action that parents of a disabled child bring against their doctor for failing to properly warn them about the risk they faced of giving birth to a disabled child.
Wrongful Conception – A tort claim brought by parents for the negligently-caused birth of a healthy child, often against a birth control manufacturer for failed birth control or a doctor for a failed sterilization procedure.
Wrongful Death Lawsuit – A lawsuit brought by a family member of the deceased victim against the person who caused the death.
Wrongful Eviction – An eviction of a tenant by a landlord who did not follow the state and city statutory requirements for eviction.
Wrongful Interference with Employment Relationship – A situation in which a person other than an employer intentionally and wrongfully interferes with another person’s employment relationship, thereby causing the other person to lose his/her job.
Wrongful Prosecution – The tortious act of intentionally subjecting a person to criminal proceedings that are based upon false information. This is also known as malicious prosecution.
Wrongful Repudiation of Insurance Policy – The illegal action by an insurance company of unilaterally canceling or denying the existence of a health, life, automobile, or property insurance policy.
Wrongful Termination – A situation in which an employer terminates an employee’s employment contract in a manner that breaches one or more terms of the contract or a state or federal employment law. It is also known as wrongful discharge and wrongful dismissal. See Also: Wrongful Termination and Workplace Disputes , Wrongful Termination for Seeking Worker’s Compensation, Filing a Wrongful Termination Claim
Wrongful Withholding of a Security Deposit – The illegal retention of a security deposit by a landlord without providing the tenant with a written account of why they are retaining the deposit.