The Iowa Workforce Development’s Division of Labor protects employees from employers that are not following state or federal laws about fair wages. You are entitled to receive your paycheck on time and with the right amount. Any issues you have can be resolved through the Division of Labor or the courts as a final option.
When Must Paychecks Be Sent Out Under Iowa Law?
Under Iowa law, your employer has to pay you on a regular schedule, whether that schedule is biweekly, semimonthly, or monthly. This applies to both hourly and salaried employees. If an employee works on a commission basis, then the employer can choose to offer a credit instead of the commission for the time being.
However, the employer must pay any difference between the credit for the commission and any wages actually earned through commission in regular intervals not lasting more than a year.
What Happens to My Paycheck If I Am Fired in Iowa?
Whether you quit or were fired, you should be paid your final paycheck by the next scheduled payday. If you were working on a commission and were paid a credit instead of earned wages, then your former employer must pay you the difference within 30 days of the conclusion of your employment.
Like in most states, there are no laws in Iowa requiring your employer to provide paid sick or vacation days. However, if your contract with your company does provide this benefit and promises reimbursement for any unused days, then you should be given compensation if you have accrued paid time off. You will need to look at your individual contract with your company and their policies to see if it matters whether you quit or were fired.
Can My Paycheck Be Garnished Under Iowa Employment Law?
Wage garnishment is defined as an arrangement where the employer is allowed to place some of the employee’s wages aside and send them to be used for debt payment. This is typically done in connection with debts like child support or loans. They will usually send the payments directly to the court, though sometimes a third agency may handle the funds for them. Wage garnishment is often directed and authorized by the court system.
In certain cases, your paycheck can be garnished even without a court judgment requiring you to pay off a specific debt. Automatic deductions can be made to pay off unpaid taxes, student loans that have defaulted, and overdue child support payments.
For other types of debts such as credit card bills, anyone trying to garnish your wages must first get a court judgment against you for the debt. After they procure a court judgment, they can request that your paycheck garnished to pay off the debt.
If you have damaged property while at work on accident, your employer cannot automatically deduct that cost from your paycheck. Your employer will have to show that you caused the damage through your willful disregard of the employer’s interests in order to be able to deduct the amount from your wages.
On the other hand, if there are special provisions specifically stated in an employment contract, you’ll need to see if these affect your rights with regards to your paycheck. Working with a lawyer to review your contract can help prevent liability or violations in the future.
Can I Recover a Withheld Paycheck in Iowa?
Your employer does not have the right to keep your paycheck from you, regardless of the circumstances. If you have not received a paycheck you are owed, you can either file a complaint with the Iowa Division of Labor or take your employer to court.
If only part of your paycheck amounts are missing, it may be necessary to file a wage and hour lawsuit. This can be done if there are issues with regards to the amount of hours worked, your pay rate, overtime pay rates, and other issues. For instance, Iowa employers are required to follow minimum wage laws. If you are paid less than the amount you are owed under law, a lawsuit can help resolve the issue.
What Else Should I Know About Iowa’s Paycheck Laws?
In Iowa, your employer cannot take money from your paycheck to pay for a uniform that has a logo, company colors or cannot be used for anything else but that job. If your uniform is more plain, such as a generic white shirt and black pants, then they can deduct money from your check to cover the cost of that uniform. However, the deduction cannot be so much that you earn less than the minimum wage for that pay period.
Where Can I Find the Right Lawyer for an Issue with My Paycheck?
An Iowa employment lawyer can help you if you are having issues with your paycheck. These problems can range from not getting it at all to having the amount you are owed reduced. No matter what the issue is, you should take the time to speak with a lawyer.