Federal labor laws apply to all citizens of the United States. In addition, many states add additional protections and laws that add to these federal laws. The additional state laws can address everything from health insurance to medical leave, overtime to minimum wage. However, Alabama is not one of these states. Alabama labor law is fully determined by federal statute.
What Is the Difference Between Part-Time and Full-Time in Alabama?
Since Alabama does not have a state labor law, there is nor formal state definition as to what constitutes part-time employment and what constitutes full-time labor. Instead, federal labor law as defined by the Fair Labor Standard Act (FLSA) applies to Alabama employees. Federal labor law also does not define full-time or part-time.
What Is the Minimum Wage in Alabama?
There is no state minimum wage in Alabama. Rather, the minimum wage in Alabama is governed by federal law. In 2017, the federal minimum wage of $7.25 applied for Alabama workers.
Any employee who works more than 40 hours in one week, defined as seven consecutive days, is entitled to overtime pay for any hours in excess of 40 hours. This is as defined by federal labor law.
Alabama is subject to the standards of the American Care Act (ACA), which requires all Americans to either purchase a health insurance policy or pay a federal tax penalty. Since Alabama employers are also subject to the ACA, any Alabama company with 50 or more full-time employees is required to provide health insurance to at least 95% of their full-time employees and their dependents up to age 26. If any Alabama employer that meets the full-time employee criteria but fails to provide the required health insurance will be subjected to a fine.
Alabama has an age discrimination law that applies to businesses with more than 20 employees. According to this law, such employers cannot discriminate against employees and potential employees over the age of 40. All other discrimination policies are set by the federal standard of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
The federal Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) sets the Alabama standards for medical leave. Employers with more than 50 employees must follow the FMLA. For an employee to be able to take advantage of the FMLA, the employee must have been by the company for at least one year or 1250 hours within a year if they have been employed by the company for less than one calendar year.