All states in the United States are bound by federal employment regulations, but each state can also develop its own labor laws to supplement federal code. Alaska has its own labor laws that add protections for its employed residents.
How Does Alaska Define Part-Time vs. Full-Time?
The Wage and Hour Administration in Alaska does not define what constitutes full-time work or part-time work. The rights and laws apply to all workers in Alaska regardless of if they are full time or part time workers as considered by their employers. Employers make the decisions and distinctions about who is full-time and who is part-time based on internal policies. Employers may only offer certain benefits to full-time employees. It is up to the employee to research these policies and be aware of them.
What Is the Minimum Wage in Alaska?
Alaska’s minimum wage is $9.80 per hour in 2017. This is the state minimum wage regardless of how many employees work for the company. It is higher than the federal minimum wage and higher than many state’s minimum wage rates as well.
Alaska’s overtime laws must comply with the Fair Labor Standard Act (FLSA), which state that any employee that works more than 40 hours in a week must be paid time and a half for the excess hours. Time and a half is defined as 1.5 times the worker’s regular hourly wage. Alaska also requires workers to get overtime for any hours that exceed 8 hours in a single day.
The labor laws in Alaska do state that employers can require overtime from workers. Some positions are exempt from overtime, however, such as managerial positions. Contract workers also are not considered for overtime pay.
Health benefits are required to be offered to certain employees under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Alaska employers with 50 or more employees must offer health insurance to the majority of their full-time employees or risk paying a penalty fee. Individual employers determine who is eligible for benefits, and this may be based on whether the employee is part time or full time.
People who live and work in Alaska are covered by the regulations of the federal Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (EEOC). If they are unfairly or illegally discriminated against because of personal characteristics such as race, ethnicity, gender, religion, or nationality, they can file a claim with the EEOC to be investigated. That claim may result in a lawsuit at the EEOC’s discretion. If it does not, the individual can file their own suit once they have exhausted all their administrative remedies.
The Alaska Human Rights Commission has added marital status as a personal characteristic. It is illegal to discriminate against an Alaskan worker because of marital status.
The Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a federal regulation that Alaska employers must adhere to in relation to time off work for sick employees. In addition to time off granted through the FMLA, other federal laws and Alaska state laws also require employers to give time off for jury duty, voting, and military leave.
Where Can I Find a Local Employment Lawyer to Help Me?
If you have a legal issue involving labor laws, contact an Alaska employment lawyer right away. Skilled Alaska labor lawyers can answer all your questions about employment issues in that state.