AYP stands for “Adequate Yearly Progress” and it is one of the key elements of the No Child Left Behind Act. One of the goals of No Child Left Behind is to ensure that all children are “proficient” by 2014. This means all public schools must progress each year towards state standards and meet AYP target goals.
What Are AYP Goals?
AYP goals vary according to state, but they all aim for 100% proficiency in 2014. States require about a 20% improvement the first year and continue to increase the requirements each year.
How Is Proficiency Determined?
Proficiency is determined through the use of standardized testing in math, reading, and science. Ninety-five percent of all students must participate in the testing. The results of such tests may be broken up into categories of children:
- With disabilities
- With limited English proficiency
- Who are racial minorities
- From low-income families
Those categories must have greater than 30 students in them in order to make sure that schools are meeting the needs of all students.
What Other Factors Are Taken into Consideration?
In addition to test scores, AYP is also based on other factors such as:
- Class attendance rates
- Graduation rates
What Happens If a School Does Not Meet the AYP Standards?
The No Child Left Behind Act creates many consequences for schools that continue to fail the AYP standards. For example:
- Schools will be identified as "needing improvement"
- School that fail to meet the AYP standards for 2 consecutive years must offer students the opportunity to transfer to another school within the district.
- Schools that failed to meet AYP standards for 3 years in a row must offer "supplemental services" to students. This may be tutoring for students.
- Schools that have failed to meet AYP standards for 5 years must take "tough corrective action" such as replacing teachers or extending the school year
Should I Contact a Lawyer?
Yes. If you have questions about AYP you may want to contact a government lawyer experienced in education and schools. A lawyer will be able to clarify the No Child Left Behind Act and inform you of your rights and the rights of your child.