A “failure to repair” lawsuit arises when a landlord does not fulfill their landlord repair responsibilities, resulting in harm or significant inconvenience to the tenant. This breach can pertain to essential services, structural issues, or safety hazards the landlord must address.
Renters’ rights for repairs dictate that properties must be kept in habitable conditions. If a landlord neglects the tenants’ rights for repairs, a repair lawsuit can proceed under the state’s Tenant Right to Repair Act or similar legislation.
What Are Some Examples of Failure to Repair Lawsuits?
Landlords are responsible for maintaining their properties in a safe and habitable condition. When they neglect this duty, it can lead to significant harm or inconvenience to the tenants.
Below are some detailed examples of such negligence and the consequences that arise:
Neglected Leaking Roof
A landlord’s failure to address a leaking roof can have detrimental health and safety impacts. In one case, persistent leaks resulted in mold growth, which subsequently caused respiratory problems for the tenant. This compromises the occupant’s health and can lead to potential legal action against the landlord for neglect.
A failure to address a reported pest infestation can be both a health hazard and a significant inconvenience. Tenants might experience bites, allergic reactions, or even property damage due to the infestation. Such negligence can lead to tenants seeking legal remedies for the harm they’ve endured.
Broken Step in Common Area
Common areas in rental properties should be safe for all residents. When a tenant reports a hazard, like a broken step, and the landlord neglects it, the consequences can be severe. In one instance, the overlooked broken step led to a tenant’s fall and subsequent injury, paving the way for legal action against the landlord.
If a tenant reports flickering lights or sparks from an outlet and the landlord fails to address them, it could result in electrical fires or electrocution. Such severe outcomes could have been preventable had the landlord acted promptly upon the report.
A landlord’s failure to fix a broken lock or replace burnt-out lights in parking areas and hallways can compromise the safety of tenants. If a break-in or assault occurs due to this negligence, the landlord could be held liable.
Provided appliances, such as stoves or heaters, that aren’t repaired or replaced when malfunctioning can lead to gas leaks, fires, or other hazards. Tenants can suffer injuries or property damage because of this neglect.
Lack of Hot Water or Heating
During the winter, the absence of hot water or heating can expose tenants to freezing conditions, potentially leading to health issues like hypothermia. If a landlord doesn’t address reported heating problems, they may be held accountable for any health concerns.
Unsecured Ceiling or Roof
An unsecured or deteriorating ceiling can pose a significant risk. A ceiling that suddenly collapses can cause injury to tenants or damage their belongings.
Unsafe Balconies or Railings
A balcony with rotting wood or a broken railing can be a dangerous hazard. Tenants could suffer falls from great heights, leading to severe injuries or even fatalities.
Poor ventilation can lead to an accumulation of moisture, promoting mold growth or making living conditions unbearable during hot periods. Prolonged exposure can cause health issues, especially for those with pre-existing conditions.
Blocked Emergency Exits
Blocked or malfunctioning emergency exits can be deadly in a fire or other emergency, preventing tenants from safely evacuating the building.
Contaminated Water Supply
If a building’s water supply becomes contaminated due to outdated plumbing or external factors and the landlord fails to act, tenants could suffer from waterborne diseases.
Cracked Pavement or Uneven Flooring
Faulty flooring or cracked pavements can result in trips, falls, and injuries, especially if these issues are in high-traffic areas and aren’t addressed promptly.
Exposed Electrical Components
Exposed wiring or other electrical components can pose an electrocution risk. If a child or unaware adult comes in contact with these, the outcome can be tragic.
Who Can be Held Liable for a Failure to Repair Injury?
The primary party liable is usually the landlord or property manager who has neglected their landlord repair responsibilities. However, in some cases, a maintenance company or third party contracted to do repairs (but failed to do so correctly) can also be held liable. Determining liability hinges on the specifics of rental agreements, contracts, and the nature of the reported issue.
How Is Premises Liability Determined?
Premises liability in the context of tenant rights during major repairs is determined by:
- Duty: Establishing that the landlord had a duty to maintain the property in a safe and habitable condition.
- Breach: Demonstrating that the landlord failed to uphold this duty, whether by neglecting repairs or not completing them appropriately.
- Causation: Linking the landlord’s neglect directly to the harm or injury suffered by the tenant.
- Damages: Proving that the tenant suffered tangible harm, be it physical injury, property damage, or other measurable losses.
What Are the Remedies in a Failure to Repair Lawsuit?
Depending on the severity of the neglect and resulting damages, remedies can include:
Monetary compensation is often the most direct way to address a tenant’s damages due to a landlord’s negligence. This remedy seeks to place the injured party back into the position they would have been in had the negligence not occurred.
- Medical Bills: If a tenant’s injury, resulting from the landlord’s negligence, requires medical attention, the landlord can be held responsible for covering treatment costs, medications, and follow-up care.
- Property Damage: Sometimes, a landlord’s failure to repair can damage a tenant’s personal property. For example, a leaking roof might damage electronics, furniture, or personal items. In such cases, the landlord might be liable for the replacement or repair costs.
- Rent Abatement: When the tenant had to vacate the premises temporarily due to uninhabitable conditions caused by the landlord’s neglect, the tenant may be entitled to a reduction or refund of the rent for that period.
This is a legal remedy wherein the court issues an order directing the defaulting party, in this case, the landlord, to perform a specific act, typically in line with the terms of a contract or lease.
- Enforcement: If a landlord consistently neglects their duty to repair or maintain a property, a court can order the landlord to carry out those repairs within a specified timeframe.
- Breach of Order: Failure to comply with a specific performance order can lead to further legal consequences for the landlord, including potential contempt of court charges.
Unlike other forms of damages, Punitive damages are not meant to compensate the injured party. Instead, they serve as a form of punishment for the wrongdoer and a deterrent to prevent similar behavior in the future.
- Severity of Neglect: Punitive damages are often reserved for cases where the landlord’s behavior was particularly egregious or malicious. For instance, if a landlord knowingly allowed hazardous conditions to persist despite being fully aware of the risks to tenants, this could warrant punitive damages.
- Deterrent Effect: Imposing additional financial penalties on a landlord sends a message to the individual landlord and other landlords about the severe consequences of neglecting their duties.
In all these instances, tenants must understand their rights and the potential legal remedies available. It’s equally important for landlords to be aware of their responsibilities and the severe repercussions of neglecting them.
Do I Need a Lawyer for Help with a Failure to Repair Claim?
If you believe your rights as a tenant have been violated due to a failure to repair, it’s essential to seek legal guidance. An experienced landlord-tenant lawyer can assess the strength of your claim, advise on the next steps, and represent you in court if necessary.
Don’t handle this challenge alone. Find a dedicated personal injury lawyer through LegalMatch today to ensure your rights are protected, and you receive the remedies to which you’re entitled.