The purpose of the Privacy Act is to ensure that an individual's private records are not used by the federal government to collect information for which it has no legal use for. In other words, a federal agency such as the F.B.I. is not privileged to know every aspect of an individual citizen's life, but rather only is entitled to information that the F.B.I. needs to carry out its proper and legal function.
A record, as defined under this act means any information collected by a government agency that can include education, medical history, financial transactions, previous employment or criminal acts, or any information that contains identifying numbers, symbols, or any other item that can be used identify the individual.
Generally, the information in an individual's private records cannot be disclosed to a federal agency unless the individual has given written consent to enable the agency to see that information. There are some exceptions to this rule:
The penalties for violating an individual's rights under this Act carry criminal charges as well as civil damages. If you feel your rights have been violated under the Privacy Act, you may want to consult a constitutional law attorney. Your attorney can advise you of your rights, help you file complaint against the specific agency that violated your privacy through illegal use of your records, and let you know if you may be entitled to money damages in a suit against the federal government.
Last Modified: 03-14-2018 10:57 PM PDTLaw Library Disclaimer
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