HIPAA stands for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Enacted in 1996 under President Clinton, the HIPAA has a privacy section which regulates the use and disclosure of patient health information, including health status, health insurance and health related payments. Entities covered by the HIPAA cannot disclose patient information except for certain reasons and only under certain conditions.
The HIPAA applies to the following entities:
Entities covered by the HIPAA can disclose information for the following reasons:
Covered entities cannot disclose information for any other reason without the prior written consent of the patient.
An entity that violates the privacy requirements of HIPAA is subject to criminal and civil penalties, including:
If you believe that an entity has inappropriately used or disclosed your private health information, you may file a direct complaint with the United States Department of Health and Human Services' Office for Civil Rights (OCR). The OCR will investigate the matter and impose civil penalties if appropriate. Criminal violations of the law will be referred to the U.S. Department of Justice.
The HIPAA laws can be quite complicated, and penalties for violating a patient's privacy rights under HIPAA carry serious criminal charges and civil damages. An attorney can explain the law to you and ensure that you are in compliance with HIPAA's privacy requirements.
If you feel your rights have been violated under HIPAA, you may want to consult an attorney. Your attorney can advise you of your rights, help you file complaint against the specific agency that violated your privacy through illegal use of your records, and let you know if you may be entitled to any remedies.
Last Modified: 07-29-2014 03:15 PM PDTLaw Library Disclaimer
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