The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is an important part of constitutional laws. It outlines many rights and protections that are applied to citizens of the United States. These are constitutional rights and therefore apply to each state, regardless of state laws. States can provide more, but not less protections that are provided through the 14th amendment.
Generally speaking, the basis of many constitutional laws rests upon the concepts from the 14th amendment. The amendment was adopted in the year 1868 and has evolved over the years through much scrutiny in court cases legal processes.
Some important aspects of the 14th Amendment include:
- Equal protection: The 14th Amendment covers many concepts that are used in anti-discrimination cases
- Privileges and immunities: These are basic rights afforded to each citizen
- Citizenship: The amendment also outlines concepts that are important for citizenship claims, most notably citizenship by birth
- "Due Process": This refers to basic rights for citizens whenever the government attempts to place burdens on the person or their private property
- Other constitutional laws: The 14th amendment also covers issues like public debt, and various other constitutional law concepts
Violations of 14th amendment rights are often at the heart of many government and constitutional law claims. They are considered to be very important because they address citizen’s rights that affect the very core of the U.S. judicial process.
For instance, Due Process laws require that the government give proper notice to citizens whenever they look to affect their private property in some way. Without such protections, there is a risk that the rights of citizens can be overlooked or denied.
One difficulty with many constitutional rights claims is that sometimes a violation may not be immediately identifiable. Some persons are not aware of their rights or how they would be affected in a particular situation. If you believe that any of your constitutional rights have been affected, you may wish to hire a lawyer. A qualified government lawyer can inform you of your rights and can represent you to ensure that your rights are protected during the court process.