An arrest happens when the police take someone into custody, usually against their will, for purposes of criminal prosecution or interrogation.
The U.S Constitution authorizes arrests only if the police have “probable cause” to believe that a crime was committed and that the suspect is responsible.
What Is Probable Cause?
Probable cause is a legal standard that law enforcement officers use to justify making an arrest. This term comes from the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution, which protects citizens against unreasonable searches and seizures by the government.
The amendment states “No Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”
In order to be arrested, the arresting agency, which is usually a police officer, must have:
- A reasonable belief that someone has;
a. Committed a crime;
b. Or a reasonable suspicion;
c. Supported by circumstances to justify a belief;
d. That certain facts are true.
In order for police officers to make an arrest, they must have evidence that suggests that a crime was committed and that the suspect is responsible. This evidence can come in many forms such as witness statements, physical evidence at the scene of a crime or confessions from suspects.
How Do Police Officers Arrive at Their Conclusions?
Law enforcement officers must use their best judgment when deciding whether or not to make an arrest. They cannot simply arrest someone because they don’t like them or because they are from a different race or ethnicity.
The officer must have facts that support the conclusion that a crime was committed and that the suspect is responsible. This often includes an investigation where the officer interviews witnesses, examines physical evidence and speaks with the suspects. In some cases, the officer may also need to get a warrant before making an arrest.
What Are Your Legal Rights If You Are Arrested?
When a person is arrested, they are transported to jail, where their picture will be taken and fingerprints will be obtained from the individual. This is known as the “booking process”.
If you are arrested by police officers, there are certain things that you can do to protect your legal rights. You should always ask for a lawyer immediately. If you cannot afford a lawyer, the court can provide an attorney for free if you cannot afford one and if your arrest involves serious charges that can result in jail time or fines.
Does A Miranda Warning Have To Be Read For The Arrest To Be Lawful?
We’ve all heard that you have the right to remain silent but anything you say may be used against you later on during trial proceedings.
A Miranda warning is necessary in order to make sure that individuals are aware of their rights prior to questioning. It also serves to make people aware that statements made during questioning can become part of the case against them if they chose to waive the right to not answer questions or “remain silent”.
If an officer fails to follow through on this, it can lead to any subsequent statements or confessions being deemed ineligible in court due to lack of a proper evidence gathering procedure. To proceed questioning someone after they have invoked their right to remain silent could constitute a violation of the Fifth Amendment.
It’s important when facing criminal charges that people understand what probable cause means regarding making an arrest and how law enforcement officers arrive at their conclusions based upon evidence found at crime scenes and confessions from suspects.
Often mentioned during a Miranda warning is the Sixth Amendment right to counsel. If someone has been charged with a crime, they may invoke this right to have an attorney present during questioning.
An officer has no legal authority to force you to make statements about your guilt or innocence so it is up to you to decide if you want to answer questions with or without an attorney present.
What Happens After A Suspect Has Been Arrested?
A person who is suspected of committing a crime will be held by the police until they are arraigned, which typically takes place within 72 hours of their arrest. If no bail is posted for them at this time, then they may have to remain in jail, or be moved to another facility if there isn’t enough room.
If the arrested person goes before a judge for a preliminary hearing, the purpose of which will be to determine if there is probable cause to continue to detain the person. A preliminary hearing or “prelim” is not required if the person was arrested on a warrant or pursuant to a grand jury indictment.
A court appearance generally occurs within five days of an accused’s arrest and it doesn’t matter whether they were granted release on bond before that date. There are typically three steps in this process: pretrial, trial, and sentencing. After being released from custody, the next step is typically a pretrial.
In a pretrial, the accused can ask for a dismissal of charges, enter into a plea bargain, or have a trial. This phase usually lasts until the arraignment when a plea is entered. If no plea is entered then the case moves to trial which can take place anywhere from days to months later.
The last step is sentencing where the guilty party may receive jail time, probation, or community service. Depending on the severity of the crime committed, there may also be fines assessed as well.
Can I File A Lawsuit Against The Police For False Arrest?
If you believe that the police have falsely arrested you, there are a few things that you can do to protect your rights. First, it is important to understand what counts as false arrest. False arrest occurs when the police arrest you without probable cause, a warrant, or a grand jury indictment.
In order to file a lawsuit against the police for false arrest, you must be able to prove that they violated your constitutional rights.
The first step is to speak with an attorney who can help guide you through the process and advise you on the best course of action.
If you decide to file a lawsuit, make sure that you gather evidence including witness statements, video footage, and photographs of the incident. This evidence will help support your case and may increase your chances of success.
It is important to note that the statute of limitations for filing a lawsuit against the police for false arrest can differ from state to state, so it’s a good idea to speak with an attorney to get specific advice on your case.
Do I Need A Lawyer for Help with Arrest Issues?
If you’ve been arrested, it’s important to know your rights. Contact a criminal defense lawyer today for help understanding the situation you’re in and what actions to take next.
When arrested by police officers, there are certain things that people should do to protect their legal rights including asking for a lawyer and remaining silent. For more information about criminal law and your rights, contact an attorney today.
Additionally, if you believe that you have been a victim of false arrest, don’t hesitate to contact an attorney to discuss your potential case.