A parent or employer should follow the child labor laws that afford greater protection and benefits to the minor.
A minor is a person who is under the age of 18 years old. The federal government allows minors who are at least 14 years old to work. However, it does limit the hours that minors under the age of 16 years old are allowed to work.
Minors who are 14 to 15 years old are limited to working:
Federal law does not limit the work hours of minors who are 16 to 18 years old.
The federal minimum wage for minors is different from the federal minimum wage for adults for the first consecutive 90 days. The youth minimum wage is $4.25 per hour for that time period. After the 90 days, minors receive $7.25 per hour. This law applies to anyone under the age of 20 years old.
At any age, a minor can work for his parents unless working conditions are hazardous or in manufacturing or mining. Minors who are 16 to 17 years old cannot work in hazardous environments.
Labor laws for minors are complicated because there are duties and jobs minors can and cannot perform. Before hiring or allowing a minor to work for you, contact an employment attorney. The attorney will explain any relevant laws and how they will affect your company.
Last Modified: 10-06-2017 01:30 PM PDTLaw Library Disclaimer
We've helped more than 4 million clients find the right lawyer – for free. Present your case online in minutes. LegalMatch matches you to pre-screened lawyers in your city or county based on the specifics of your case. Within 24 hours experienced local lawyers review it and evaluate if you have a solid case. If so, attorneys respond with an offer to represent you that includes a full attorney profile with details on their fee structure, background, and ratings by other LegalMatch users so you can decide if they're the right lawyer for you.