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Labor Laws for Minors

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How Are Labor Laws for Minors Determined?

The federal government outlines the rights and protection of employed minors in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Each state also has its own laws regarding child labor.

Which Child Labor Laws Should I Use as a Guideline?

A parent or employer should follow the child labor laws that afford greater protection and benefits to the minor.

Who Is Considered a Minor?

A minor is a person who is under the age of 18 years old. The federal government allows minors who are at least 14 years old to work. However, it does limit the hours that minors under the age of 16 years old are allowed to work.

How Many Hours Can a Minor Work?

Minors who are 14 to 15 years old are limited to working:

  • 18 hours per week when they are attending school
  • Three hours in one school day
  • Eight hours on days they do not attend school
  • 40 hours per week on non-school weeks
  • From the hours of 7 am to 7 pm for most of the year and 7 am to 9 pm from June 1 to Labor Day

Federal law does not limit the work hours of minors who are 16 to 18 years old.

How Much Money Can Minors Earn?

The federal minimum wage for minors is different from the federal minimum wage for adults for the first consecutive 90 days. The youth minimum wage is $4.25 per hour for that time period. After the 90 days, minors receive $7.25 per hour. This law applies to anyone under the age of 20 years old.

Are There Any Jobs That a Minor Cannot Work?

At any age, a minor can work for his parents unless working conditions are hazardous or in manufacturing or mining. Minors who are 16 to 17 years old cannot work in hazardous environments.

Should I Consult an Attorney before Hiring a Minor to Work for Me?

Labor laws for minors are complicated because there are duties and jobs minors can and cannot perform. Before hiring or allowing a minor to work for you, contact an employment attorney. The attorney will explain any relevant laws and how they will affect your company.

Photo of page author Taelonnda Sewell

, LegalMatch Legal Writer

Last Modified: 10-06-2017 01:30 PM PDT

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