The United States Supreme Court upheld a public school district's authority to randomly drug test middle and high school students who participate in extracurricular activities. The court held that random drug testing is an effective means of meeting the school district's legitimate concern regarding detecting and preventing illegal drug use by students. This ruling greatly expands public school's drug testing policies.
A school is not mandated to randomly drug test students who participate in extracurricular activities. But a school district has the choice to implement a drug testing policy. The school district or the school board usually enacts the drug testing policy the same way other school regulations are enacted.
There are two main types of drug testing programs, voluntary drug testing programs and mandatory drug testing programs, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.The following are the most common attributes of each:
Government certified testing facilities can certify the accuracy of the results and should be used. Any lab used by a school also should be certified by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
It depends on the school's drug testing program and policies. Usually, a student that fails a drug test is prohibited from participating in extracurricular activities for the rest of the season.
If you fail a drug test (test positive), deny that you have taken any illegal substances and demand a retest. Drug tests are unreliable and many people who have never used drugs have tested positive for drugs (called a false positive).
If you or your child is concerned about drug testing in your schools, contact a lawyer to learn more about your school's regulations and your rights. A lawyer can help you fight a false positive or appeal a disciplinary ruling.
Last Modified: 11-14-2013 11:13 AM PSTLaw Library Disclaimer
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