"Affirmative Action" is a policy intended to provide opportunities for specific groups of people who are subject to discriminated or are otherwise disadvantaged. Although this term technically refers to employment and education, affirmative action in the United States is often associated with the scoring systems used by admissions offices of colleges and universities.
Typically, where affirmative action is utilized, the following factors are considered:
- National Origin
If universities are considering those factors in their admissions process, the admission policy must be necessary to achieve diversity in the student body. As you can imagine, this makes affirmative action a heated topic in education systems.
Is There Affirmative Action in Education in California?
In 1996, voters passed Proposition 209. Proposition 209 amended the California constitution and prohibited the use of ethnicity, race, and sex as factors for consideration in admission to public universities. This effectively ended affirmative action in California, in both education and employment.
What If I Have Been Discriminated against In California?
If you feel you have been discriminated against in applying to a public university in California, you may have an uphill battle in proving your case. This may be an even more complicated matter if the university is private. The following may give you a cause of action if there has been discrimination:
- Title IX
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
- 14th Amendment of the United States Constitution
- Equal Educational Opportunities Act of 1974
Should I Consult A Lawyer?
Due to the complicated nature of discrimination cases, you should consult with an experienced government attorney if you believe you have been discriminated against. A lawyer who specializes in constitutional law can explain to you your rights and what the best course of action will be.