A divorce decree is the court’s final ruling and judgment order that makes the termination of a marriage official. Each divorce decree will be different, but in general the purpose of the decree is to summarize the rights and duties of each party in connection with the divorce.
Divorce decrees are important, because the divorce process is not complete until one is issued. Thus, the party’s status as married or divorce will not be finalized until the divorce decree is completed. Divorce proceedings that are not yet completed may have effects on different areas life, such as debt, property possession, taxes, and employment benefits, and other legal rights.
Divorce decrees usually address issues such as:
- Division of property between the parties
- Spousal support or alimony
- Child custody, support, and visitation (if applicable)
- Various financial obligations of each party (for instance, if there is debt to be paid by one or more parties)
In addition to these legal issues, the divorce decree will usually contain basic information connected with the case, such as the names of each party, the effective date of the decree, and the case number. This can often help in locating records of the divorce decree in the future, which are often kept by the local county records office.
Generally speaking, divorce decrees are final and binding upon the parties. However, there are some instances when the decree may be appealed or modified.
Modifying a divorce decree may be possible in instances related to issues like child or spousal support, and visitation or custody rights. In most cases, the parties won’t be able to modify a decree if their dispute is over division of property.
Appealing a divorce decree is often limited to errors based on the lower court’s legal ruling. Appeals must be specifically requested (they are not automatically granted), and are subject to very strict filing deadlines. Only issues of law, not fact can be appealed.
Divorce decrees are final and subject to very little change or modification once they’re issued. Thus, you need to think carefully when it comes to requesting certain actions during a divorce proceeding. A divorce lawyer can guide you throughout the entire divorce process to ensure that nothing is overlooked before the final divorce decree is issued.