Top 5 Types of Documents/Evidence to Gather for Your Title and Boundary Disputes Case

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 Types of Evidence (Documents) Required In Court for a Title and Boundary Dispute Case

In the world of real estate, title and boundary disputes are common occurrences. Rooted in questions of ownership and boundary definitions, these disagreements sometimes require a collection of evidentiary documents to provide clarity and substantiation. The right combination of evidence can underpin a prima facie case—setting forth a valid claim at its first impression.

Here are some of the key pieces of evidence you’ll need for a valid claim:

  • Title Deeds/Certificate of Title: This foundational document outlines the chain of ownership and any associated rights with the property. As evidence of ownership, it’s essential for determining rightful possession.
  • Property Surveys and Maps: Drafted by licensed surveyors, these documents lay down precise boundaries and measurements of a property, serving as references in boundary disputes.
  • Historical Records and Deeds: These records offer a glimpse into the past, shedding light on boundary shifts, past ownerships, and the evolution of property rights over time.
  • Written Agreements and Contracts: Previous agreements concerning boundaries or shared areas are documented here. Remember, the parol evidence rule can come into the equation if there are verbal agreements that weren’t written down, especially if they seem to challenge or modify an existing written contract.
  • Witness Testimonies: Long-term residents, past owners, or relevant stakeholders could have firsthand accounts of historical boundary agreements or landmarks. Their personal accounts can often provide context.

How Will This Evidence Make My Title and Boundary Dispute Case Stronger?

Foundational documents like title deeds and property surveys with supplementary sources such as historical records, agreements, and witness testimonies can establish a solid narrative. Each evidence type reinforces a particular aspect of the case.

Title Deeds and Property Surveys

Title deeds are more than just a piece of paper; they’re a tapestry weaving the history of a property. From the moment a piece of land is claimed or bought, title deeds serve as the ledger that tracks its journey. Every transaction, every change in ownership, every mortgage or lien is etched into its pages.

This cumulative history doesn’t just establish the current owner’s right but also gives insight into any encumbrances or rights associated with the property. In essence, title deeds are a property’s biography, providing clarity on who can rightfully lay claim to a parcel of land.

Property Surveys

While title deeds chronicle the history, property surveys provide a snapshot of the present. A professional property survey maps out the land in its current state. Every nook, corner, and boundary is precisely marked, leaving no ambiguity. These aren’t just maps but detailed depictions that include elements like the gradient of the land, any existing structures, natural landmarks, and even potential easements.

In situations where neighbors are locked in disputes over inches of land or where there’s uncertainty over the exact line dividing two properties, it’s the property survey that becomes the arbitrator. It replaces verbal claims and assumptions with empirical evidence, often becoming the bedrock upon which resolutions are built.

Historical Records and Agreements

The history of a property can be just as important as its present status. Old records might show previous boundaries or rights that people had forgotten. For example, there might be a record of a previous owner allowing a neighbor to use part of the land, which could affect the current dispute.

Agreements are also vital. These can be official papers showing a boundary agreement or even informal deals between neighbors. While a handshake or verbal agreement may not be as strong as a written contract, it still can play a part in understanding the situation.

Witness Testimonies

People’s memories can be crucial in these disputes. Neighbors or long-term residents might remember old boundary markers, trees, or fences. They might also recall conversations or events that shed light on the dispute. Even if they don’t have documents to back up their memories, what they remember can be valuable.

Together, all these pieces of evidence paint a clearer picture of the property’s history and the rights of the people involved. They help the court or mediator understand the full story, making it easier to resolve the dispute fairly.

How to File Evidence in Court for a Title and Boundary Dispute Case

Submitting evidence in a court setting isn’t easy. The process comes with detailed rules and regulations. While some people might opt for a solo journey, it’s important to realize that a single error in your legal proceedings can lead to crucial evidence being sidelined.

Hiring an attorney makes this journey easier. They don’t just represent—they guide, ensuring every piece of evidence is appropriately vetted, aligned with the case, and presented persuasively. Their presence amplifies the strength of the evidence available.

What If This Is Not Accepted by the Courts as Evidence?

Courtrooms can sometimes deem certain pieces of evidence inadmissible. If this happens:

Reexamine and Resubmit

The process of submitting evidence in a legal dispute often starts with ensuring its relevance to the case. Upon rejection, it’s crucial to go back to the drawing board and critically assess the reasons for the court’s refusal. The evidence might need a more detailed explanation, further documentation for authentication, or a stronger connection to the case’s specific facts.

Once the potential shortcomings are addressed, the evidence can be resubmitted with a better foundation, enhancing the chances of its acceptance.

Seek Alternative Evidence

Law and litigation are like a game of strategy. If one piece of evidence doesn’t find favor in the court, it doesn’t mean the end of the road. Instead, it shows the need to adopt a different strategy.

Seeking alternative evidence involves exploring other avenues that might shed light on the dispute from a different angle. For instance, if a particular title deed is rejected, property tax records, utility bills, or even neighborhood attestations might offer another layer of proof of ownership or boundaries. This approach ensures that even if one door closes, there are other entry points to reinforce the claim.


The legal system, in its quest for justice, allows for errors to be rectified through the appeals process. If a piece of evidence—critical to a case’s foundation—is rejected and subsequently leads to an unfavorable verdict, it opens up the avenue for an appeal. Appeals focus on procedural errors or misinterpretations of the law. They offer a chance for higher courts to review the decisions of lower courts, ensuring justice is carried out effectively.

When making an appeal based on evidence dismissal, it’s important to emphasize how the rejection adversely affected the case’s outcome. There should be a concrete reason for the appellate court to review the matter.

How Can a Lawyer Help Me With My Evidence?

Lawyers are your best assets in legal battles. Beyond their courtroom experience, they’re strategic thinkers and meticulous planners. They understand the intricacies of the parol evidence rule in real estate and know the ins and outs of presenting evidence of title.

If you’re struggling with a title and boundary dispute, don’t gamble. Speak with a lawyer who is well-versed in real estate law. LegalMatch can connect you to the right attorney who can strengthen your stance and ensure your claims are not just heard but resolved for good.

Don’t wait any longer to get the legal help you need. Contact a real estate lawyer through LegalMatch today to find a lawyer in your area.


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