LGBT individuals in Ohio unfortunately do not have all of the same rights as non-LGBT persons. Below is a summary of the rights and privileges that they may enjoy.
As of 1979, same-sex partners may engage in consensual homosexual acts. However, if there is no consent, then the offender will be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Recognition of Same-Sex Relationships
Ohio has yet to recognize same-sex marriages, and only some of its counties offer same-sex domestic partnerships.
As of April 14, 2014, Ohio Court held that Ohio’s ban on same-sex marriages is unconstitutional and that Ohio must recognize same-sex marriages from other states. Yet, the court has stayed enforcement of the ruling (i.e. same-sex marriages are still banned until further appeal).
All single persons in Ohio may adopt children, regardless of their sexual orientation or sexual identity. Nevertheless, Ohio courts have denied all attempts of same-sex couples to jointly adopt.
Discrimination and Hate Crimes Protections
For state employment, there is discrimination protection based on sexual orientation, but not sexual identity. However, this employment discrimination protection does not extend to private employers.
Ohio does not extend its hate crime protection to sexual orientation or sexual identity.
Gender Reassignment Surgery
Ohio does not allow post-gender reassignment persons to obtain new birth certificates reflecting their new genders.
Do I Need a Lawyer in Ohio?
If you have been harassed or denied your limited rights, then an Ohio lawyer may be able to help you seek legal recourse.