The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was established in 2002, and is primarily formed of pre-existing federal agencies which were moved from the supervision of various other cabinet-level departments, and placed under the umbrella of the DHS.
The Department of Homeland Security was created in direct response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The mission of the Department of Homeland Security is to protect the territory of the United States from terrorist attacks, and to respond to natural disasters.
What Are the Legal Implications of Homeland Security?
There have been some criticisms of the Department of Homeland Security, from various fronts. Some civil libertarians have argued that warrantless wiretaps of phones of American citizens by the federal government have raised significant legal issues, particularly under the 4th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Furthermore, during Hurricane Katrina, the first major natural disaster on U.S. soil after the creation of DHS, the Department’s response to the needs of the people of New Orleans and the surrounding region was criticized as being slow, disorganized, and inadequate in scope. This has raised other legal issues, such as the extent to which a government agency can be liable to private parties, when sovereign immunity is taken into account.
However, these few problems with the Department of Homeland Security, which could have befallen any new government agency, represent relatively small bumps in the road for an agency that has taken on a huge amount of responsibility.
What Careers are Available in Homeland Security?
Those who have completed homeland security training courses can find jobs in many different fields that are related to protecting the country from terrorist attacks. Just about anyone who has the requisite criminal justice and homeland security training can find a job in the DHS that appeals to them. There are dozens of diverse agencies that operate under the umbrella of the Department of Homeland Security, and they require a wide variety of skill sets.
If you have completed a homeland security training course, there’s a good chance that you can find one of these jobs. Agencies like the Coast Guard, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and Federal Emergency Management Agency all operate under the DHS, and have a need for people with various qualifications related to criminal justice.