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What Is Criminal Justice?
"Criminal justice" is a very broad term that refers to nearly everything that has to do with criminal law.
Criminal law is the system of rules that society upholds to punish conduct that is harmful to society. These laws are passed by the state and federal legislatures, enforced by the executive branch of government, and interpreted and applied by judges in criminal courts. In addition, there are a large number of other people who perform important roles in the criminal justice system, such as administrative personnel. Virtually all of these people have some form of criminal justice training.
What Is Criminal Justice Training?
Criminal justice training requires learning a wide variety of subjects. Students receiving criminal justice training will learn the basics of criminal law, which will provide a broad overview of what a person can and can’t do in the criminal context. They will also study criminology, criminal procedure, and the inner workings of the criminal courts.
Many schools across the United States have various degree programs that include some type of criminal justice training. Everything from a simple paralegal certificate (especially for those who want to work for public defenders, prosecutors, or criminal defense law firms) to a Ph.D. or a law degree can focus on criminal justice. These criminal justice degrees are required if you want to work as a criminal justice professional.
What Is Criminal Law?
Criminal Law is the area of law that deals with the individuals that commit and are charged with crimes. Crimes are defined as deviant behavior that violates social norms. Certain crimes are charged in state and federal level of the criminal justice system depending on what type of crime was violated. Punishments in the criminal justice system vary based on the severity of the crime that was committed and what state the crime was committed. In the US, crimes are categorized in two categories: felonies and misdemeanors. Felony crimes are serious crimes that have a imprisonment punsihement while misdeamenors are less serious crimes that are punishable by other punishments.
Why Is Criminal Justice Important?
The work that criminal justice professionals do every day is extremely important. After all, the criminal justice system serves two important functions: protecting society from criminals and ensuring that innocent people are not punished. These two goals are important, but they sometimes conflict with one another.
For the reasons discussed above, anyone who works with the criminal justice system must be diligent, knowledgeable, and ethical.
What Happens When a Person Is Charged With a Crime?
When a person is charged with a crime, the criminal justice system provides certain constitutional protections. There are also certain procedures that must be followed by the police and the criminal courts. Once a person is arrested and charged with a crime, they have the right to speak to an attorney. The person should always be given the opportunity to meet with their attorney prior to their court hearing.
What Rights Do People Have in the Criminal Justice System?
People accused of crimes are granted certain rights under the US Constitution that protect them from being treated unfairly in court. Some of these rights include:
- The Right to an Attorney
- The Right to not Incriminate oneself
- The Right to a Speedy and Public Trial
- The Right to an Appeal
Should I Contact an Attorney?
If you are facing criminal charges, you should contact a criminal defense lawyer as soon as possible. Your lawyer will help you understand the criminal justice system and will represent your case in court.
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Last Modified: 03-25-2015 02:51 PM PDT
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