Deportation and removal refer to the transporting of a non-citizen alien out of the U.S. to their country of origin. Deportation or removal may occur for several reasons, usually due to a violation of immigration laws and policies. The term “deportation” has been replaced by immigration authorities with the term “removal”. Thus, the official term in use is removal, although many people might still use the term deportation.
What are Some Grounds for Removal?
A person may become subject to removal or deportation based on many different grounds. Some commonly cited removal/deportability grounds may include:
- Illegal entry to the U.S.
- Criminal charges (especially serious crimes, violent crimes, or repeat offenses)
- Falsification of immigration documents
- “Public charge” (i.e., becoming dependent on the state for income)
- Obtaining a visa or other documents through fraud
- Various other grounds according to U.S. immigration policies
The exact details for removal grounds may be complex and sometimes may require the assistance of a lawyer for interpretation. This is especially true when calculating factors such as the length of time the person has been in the country, and other concepts.
Can Removal be Appealed?
In some cases, the results of a removal hearing can be appealed. Appealing a removal order needs to occur through a specific request, as appeals are not automatically granted. In some cases, a successfully appealed immigration case can result in a cancellation of removal, or some other form of relief from deportation.
Do I Need a Lawyer for Help With Deportation and Removal Issues?
Deportation and removal issues are very serious and can affect a person’s entire future. You may need to hire an experienced immigration attorney in your area if you or your loved ones need legal assistance. Your lawyer will be able to advise you on your legal rights under current immigration rules, and can represent you if you need to attend a hearing.