A car accident typically involves two or more automobiles. The accident can start by one driver trying to avoid hitting a pedestrian, bicyclist, or animal. A “chain reaction” car accident occurs when three or more automobiles hit one another causing a series of rear-end car accidents, eventually leading to a pileup. The rear-end accidents are caused by the force of the first collision.

How Do Chain Reaction Car Accidents Occur?

Typically, Driver X rear-ends the car in front of them, or Driver Y. Driver Z was following too closely to Driver X and could not stop to avoid hitting them, leading to Driver Z rear-ending Driver X. There is also a possibility of Driver Y following too closely to the driver in front of them and causing another chain reaction accident involving the cars in front of them.

Who Is Responsible for the Car Accident?

Determining who is responsible for causing the car accident depends on who was negligent in the accident. Negligence in a car accident is the failure of a driver to exercise the reasonable care of an ordinary driver to drive safely and avoid such accidents. The driver’s carelessness then caused an injury to the plaintiff.

How Is Negligence Proven in a Chain Reaction Accident?

A plaintiff must prove four elements in order to show that the defendant was negligent and, thus, responsible for the accident:

  1. The defendant had a duty of care not to cause harm to drivers or pedestrians
  2. The defendant breached their duty of care by failing to use reasonable care that another driver would show in similar circumstances
  3. The defendant was the actual and proximate cause of the plaintiff’s injury
  4. The defendant caused harm to the plaintiff, which led to damages such as medical bills and lost wages

How Can I Establish That the Other Driver Was Negligent?

Plaintiffs involved in a chain reaction accident can establish the defendant was at fault through:

  • Eyewitness accounts
  • Vehicle damage
  • Police reports
  • Evidence at the accident scene, such as skid marks or damaged property

Do I Need a Lawyer for a Car Accident Claim?

Yes. Chain reaction car accidents are complicated to understand and difficult to recover from. To determine if you have a claim, contact a personal injury lawyer.