Murder Lawyers

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Most Common Defense and Criminal Law Issues

What Is Murder?

Many people think murder is any killing of another person. Under the law, though, murder must involve:

Gradations of Murder (vary by state)

What Is The Difference Between Murder and Manslaughter?

Manslaughter is defined as the killing of another human being without malicious intent. However, states will often have different distinctions between the degrees of murder and manslaughter.
This means that a second degree murder in one state may be a voluntary manslaughter in another. California, for example, considers a killing through the heat of passion as manslaughter rather than murder.

The main difference between murder and manslaughter though, intention, remains the same in all states.

Are There Any Legal Defenses To a Murder Charge?

The best way to defeat a murder charge is to negate one of the elements of murder: act and intent. Obviously, if a defendant can prove that there is no evidence he committed the act, then he would be clear of any murder or manslaughter charges.

If, however, the defendant is linked to the act, then it may still be possible to reduce a murder charge by proving that there was no intent. Lowering the crime would reduce the sentence. A list of possible defenses to reduce the intent element can be found here

What Is the Penalty For Murder?

The penalty for murder will differ based upon the degree and from state to state. Murder sentencing is subject to “enhancements” which may increase or decrease the punishment. Murder with a deadly weapon, for example, can increase the punishment while youth may work in the defendant’s favor.

In general, first degree murder sentencing ranges from death to life imprisonment without parole.

Second degree murder entails imprisonment with parole. The exact number of years will depend on the state, the judge and any enhancements included.

What Can You Do if Accused of Murder?

It is important to note that different states have different systems of gradation each with its own subtleties. Immediately consult a criminal defense lawyer familiar with your particular state's criminal laws regarding your rights and defenses.

What Can You Do if Someone You Know or a Loved One Has Been Murdered?

Contact the police immediately. If there is sufficient evidence, the police will forward the case to the District Attorney's office to prosecute the suspect who murdered the person. If you are interested in bringing a civil suit against the person, learn more at Wrongful Death.

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Last Modified: 08-12-2014 04:53 PM PDT

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