Currently, there are 19 jurisdictions in the U.S. that perform and recognize same-sex marriages: California, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, and Washington D.C.
California made news in June 2008 when that state’s Supreme Court found that its ban on same-sex marriage violated the equal protection guarantee in the California Constitution. This decision effectively legalized same-sex marriage in the nation’s most populous state.
However, shortly after the decision was rendered, a ballot measure known as Proposition 8, which sought to amend the state constitution to explicitly define marriage as a union between a man and a woman, was certified for the November ballot. On November 4, 2008, Proposition 8 passed with a narrow majority vote, once again banning same-sex marriage in California.
Shortly after Prop. 8 was passed, it was challenged in court. Eventually, due to a federal district court decision, same-sex marriage was deemed to be legal in California. In 2013, United States Supreme Court upheld the lower court’s decision on procedural grounds.
California also recognizes “domestic partnerships.” These legal arrangements are available to same-sex couples and offer almost all of the legal rights and responsibilities of marriage.
The California legislature passed a law that recognizes same-sex marriages from other states, and upon meeting certain requirements, a same-sex couple who was married in California but now lives in a state that does not recognize their marriage can petition a California court for a same-sex divorce.
Under the federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), the federal government did not recognize same-sex marriages. This meant that the same-sex spouses in California could not:
In 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that DOMA was unconstitutional. Same-sex spouses who were legally married are now eligible to receive federal benefits.
If you are in a same-sex relationship, and are curious about the exact nature of your legal rights in California, you should consult with an experienced family law attorney in California.
Last Modified: 06-28-2018 10:24 PM PDTLaw Library Disclaimer
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