In estate planning, trusts create connections at the behest of a person known as a trustor or settlor.
For the benefit of other people, referred to as beneficiaries, trusts entrust their property to a trustee or trustees.
A person might establish a trust for a variety of reasons, such as self-interested gain, financial assistance for their surviving spouses, or charitable giving.
What Makes a Trust Valid?
A trust can be established in a relatively straightforward manner.
To be valid, the trust must adhere to the following standards:
- Intention: When the trust was established, the trustor must have had that intention in mind. Managing the trust for the benefit of the beneficiary and distributing the assets to the beneficiary must be the responsibility of a trustee. If no one has been named specifically, the court may do so.
- Beneficiary: Who will receive the trust’s assets must be specified in the trust. The trust must have a clear objective that does not involve promoting criminal activities. The trust must contain assets, such as cash or real estate. A trust cannot exist if there are no assets.
What is a Personal Residence Trust?
A Personal Residence Trust (PRT) is a kind of estate planning strategy in which a property owner gives an irrevocable trust the right to possess their home. A PRT allows the PRT to keep their right to occupy the home for a predetermined amount of time.
Because they are linked to low gift tax rates, personal residence trusts are frequently utilized to remove the home from the grantor’s estate. This might be a better choice than, for instance, giving the property to a friend or a charity.
The transfer is regarded as a finished gift to the trust; thus any increase in value will be excluded from the grantor’s estate.
What Conditions Apply to a Personal Residence Trust?
State-by-state variations can be found in the requirements for a personal residential trust. In general, a personal residence trust must adhere to two fundamental rules:
- There may only be one personal residence in the trust, and the grantor must use it as such for the time period specified in the trust agreement. The residence may not be sold during the term of the trust.
- A sale of the property back to the grantor (or the grantor’s spouse) after the time of residence is also typically forbidden.
What is a Qualified Personal Residence Trust?
With one significant exception, a qualified personal residence trust (QPRT) is comparable to a standard personal home trust. The property can typically be sold with a qualified personal residence trust throughout the trust term, subject to certain restrictions based on state legislation.
QPRTs are, therefore, often regarded as being less restrictive than normal PRTs. To ascertain whether a QPRT would be preferable to a PRT, it may be advisable to speak with a lawyer. However, each may be subject to distinct constraints regarding residency terms and tax rates.
A kid or other devisee can inherit a home while greatly reducing their tax liability by using the Qualified Personal Residence Trust (QPRT).
This entails putting the house in a trust for the owner’s partner or kids. All of the material advantages of ownership remain available to the homeowner, including access to the house. The trust that owns the home’s title is under the homeowner’s authority.
The home’s worth is consequently excluded from the owner’s taxable estate. Because a home is frequently the most valued item of property in an estate, doing this significantly lessens the tax burden on the homeowner’s devisees.
There are a few restrictions, though. The homeowner (or grantor) cannot refinance or mortgage the property because they are no longer the legal owners. The grant permits the grantor-trustee to occupy the property for a predetermined amount of time. The grantor-trustee must vacate the property after this has passed, and ownership will then pass to the individual named in the trust (usually a spouse or child).
The home will pass to the person named in the trust agreement in the event that the grantor passes away before the time is up.
What Things May Be Put Into a Trust?
An essential component of a trust is its assets. When an asset, like real estate or stocks, has a title, the title ought to be given to the trust.
Personal property, such as jewelry, clothing, and furniture, lacks a title. These things can also become assets of the trust for its beneficiaries by giving the property rights to the trustee.
Health savings accounts, pension plans, life insurance policies, and retirement funds cannot be transferred to the trust because the named beneficiary is in charge of distributing them. Assets derived from these goods must be held in trust, and trustees must be listed as the beneficiaries.
Who is Acceptable as a Beneficiary?
Anybody can be a trust beneficiary as long as they are correctly identified in the trust agreement.
Beneficiaries typically include partners, kids, grandkids, and friends. Depending on the trust, depending on pets, coworkers, strangers, or employees may also be beneficiaries. Trust beneficiaries must be distinct and certain. When a trust is established, it must be determinable. A beneficiary must be described sufficiently so the court can recognize them.
What is a Successor Trustee?
In a living trust, the settlor typically names themselves as the trustees for the duration of their life. In the event of the incapacity or death of the settlor, a replacement trustee shall be appointed. The fiduciary duty of the successor trustee is to act in the beneficiaries’ best interests.
What is a Pour-Over Will?
People frequently forget to place some assets into their trust before passing away. Pour-over wills are used in conjunction with trusts to address this issue. The property of the dead is transferred into their existing trust upon death.
As a result, a pour-over will guarantee that all assets are transferred to the trust if the decedent passes away before doing so. The property outside of the trust does not have to go through probate, which is what the trustor sought to avoid when they made a pour-over will.
What Other Concerns Should I Have with Trust Law?
Several conditions must be met for a trust to be legal.
These consist of:
- Intention: The trust must have been intended to be created at the time it was created by the trustor, or trust’s creator. Managing the trust for the benefit of the beneficiary and distributing the assets to the beneficiary must be the responsibility of a trustee. In the absence of a specified individual, the court may appoint someone;
- Beneficiary: The trust must specify who will inherit the trust’s assets. The trust must have a clearly defined purpose that does not entail unlawful behavior.
- Assets: The trust must have assets, such as cash or real estate. Without assets, a trust cannot exist.
Certain things cannot be put into a trust. These consist of health savings accounts, pension programs, life insurance policies, and retirement accounts.
Since the beneficiary designated in the policy determines how they are distributed, these assets cannot be put into a trust. The named beneficiaries must serve as the trustee in order for these items to be included in the trust. A trust lawyer can suggest what assets can be included in a trust.
Do I Need Legal Advice for a Personal Residence Trust?
Personal dwelling trusts are frequently a very beneficial estate planning strategy. A knowledgeable trust attorney in your region may be able to assist you if you need any assistance or have any queries about personal dwelling trusts.
To ensure that the personal residence trust’s terms are to your advantage, your attorney can assist you with the design and creation of the document. Additionally, your local lawyer can represent you in court proceedings if there is a dispute or litigation regarding the trust.