Drug crimes usually refer to possessing, manufacturing, distributing, or using an illegal substance, such as cocaine or heroin. There are also drug crimes involving drugs  and hormones that are commonly used to help a person boost their athletic performance.

What Are Performance-Enhancing Drugs?

Performance-enhancing drugs are substances used to increase an individual’s physical stamina and abilities. People may take the drugs orally or inject them.

Are There Different Types of Performance-Enhancing Drugs?

Yes. Anabolic steroids are used by many athletes to increase muscle strength and mass. One example of an anabolic steroid is testosterone. Other drugs in this category include:

  • Androstenedione: This drug, also called “andro”, is naturally produced by the testes, ovaries, and adrenal glands. When produced by the body, it is converted into estradiol and testosterone. The drug is available in prescription form for those who need help producing testosterone and estradiol. Athletes may use the drug to train harder and receive quickly from training.
  • Human growth hormone: Athletes may take the hormone to improve performance and muscle mass.
  • Erythropoietin: The drug is used to treat anemia in individuals with severe kidney disease. Athletes may use the drug to increase performance. 

Both anabolic and androgenic drugs are considered steroids.

Are Steroids Illegal?

Yes. Anabolic steroids are usually sold illegally. According to the Anabolic Steroids Control Act of 1990, steroids is defined as a Schedule III drug.

What Penalties Will I Face If Convicted of Having Performance-Enhancing Drugs?

The type of penalty depends on the crime. For example, simple possession with no prior convictions is up to one year in federal prison and a fine. Possession of these drugs with the intent to sell is five years in federal prison and a fine. A conviction of possessing performance-enhancing drugs may also have professional ramifications as well, especially if you are a professional or student athlete.

Do I Need to Talk to a Lawyer?

It is in your best interest to discuss a performance-enhancing drug charge with a criminal lawyer. The lawyer can tell you about how you can fight a performance-enhancing drug charge and can represent you in any criminal court proceedings.