Find the right lawyer now

Is Judicial Recusal Required?

Find a Local Products & Services Lawyer near You

There are occasionally situations in which a judge’s impartiality in a particular case could be questioned, and as such the judge will step down from the case.  This is known as recusal. 

Both federal and state laws require that judges recuse themselves in certain situations.  Some of these situations are clear, such as when the judge is related to any parties in the case, has previously represented any of the parties, or has a financial stake in the outcome of the case.

The problem is that the laws governing recusal are not entirely clear.  For example, federal law says that judges must recuse themselves if they have a “personal bias or prejudice concerning a party.”  However, the decision on whether recusal is proper is left to the judge, who may not feel that they have a bias.  This has led to criticism over some judges’ objectivity.

Finally, even if recusal is proper in a particular case, the recusal rule can be ignored if all the parties and the judge agree.  If recusal is avoided this way, a full and complete record concerning the grounds for recusal must be made available for the appellate court.

Photo of page author Ken LaMance

, LegalMatch Law Library Managing Editor and Attorney at Law

Last Modified: 07-23-2009 11:48 AM PDT

Law Library Disclaimer
  • No fee to present your case
  • Choose from lawyers in your area
  • A 100% confidential service
What is LegalMatch?

We've helped more than 4 million clients find the right lawyer – for free. Present your case online in minutes. LegalMatch matches you to pre-screened lawyers in your city or county based on the specifics of your case. Within 24 hours experienced local lawyers review it and evaluate if you have a solid case. If so, attorneys respond with an offer to represent you that includes a full attorney profile with details on their fee structure, background, and ratings by other LegalMatch users so you can decide if they're the right lawyer for you.