The inevitable disclosure doctrine is a way for an employer to prevent a former employee from working for a competitor under the principle that the employee would inevitably disclose his former employer's trade secrets. The doctrine works under the idea that once a trade secret is disclosed, it cannot be regained. So, if allowing a former employee to work for a competitor makes a disclosure is inevitable, an employer should be able to prevent it from happening.
No, under the inevitable disclosure doctrine, intent is not the issue. Instead, the inevitable disclosure doctrine holds that even if the employee has no intention of betraying his former employer, the knowledge he has gained from his former employment will naturally give a new employer access to trade secrets. For example:
To apply the inevitable disclosure doctrine, employers first must prove the existence of trade secrets. If the employer cannot prove he has a viable trade secret, there is no reason to worry about the former employee disclosing it. Once the employer has established the existence of a trade secret, the requirements for applying the inevitable disclosure doctrine vary from state to state:
The only remedy available to a former employer is a permanent injunction against the former employee. The inevitable disclosure doctrine does not entitle the former employer to any monetary damages or court fees.
Generally, the injunctions made under the inevitable disclosure doctrine must only be as broad as necessary. The courts try to balance the employee's need to find work in the industry in which he is skilled with the employer's need to protect his trade secrets. Often former employees will be restricted from certain activities in their new employment, but they will not be restricted from the employment itself.
If you want to use the inevitable disclosure doctrine to prevent an employee from disclosing trade secrets, or if you are an employee and are worried you will be prevented from working in your industry because of the inevitable disclosure doctrine, you should consult a lawyer. An experienced intellectual property lawyer will be able to explain your rights and help you take the appropriate action. The inevitable disclosure doctrine can be very complex and differs in its application from state to state. An IP lawyer will be able to explain the laws that apply in your state.
Last Modified: 01-09-2015 01:56 PM PSTLaw Library Disclaimer
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