Owning a home can help you save money by offering tax breaks via certain itemized deductions from your income tax. If you are renting a home, you cannot deduct the taxes paid on that property. These taxes can only be deducted by the property owner who is actually paying the taxes for the property.
Here are a few ways that you can take advantage of tax breaks by purchasing your home instead of renting it:
Interest Paid on a Home Loan
Interest paid on a home improvement loan or your first or second mortgage loan is tax deductible up to a maximum of $1,000,000. This deduction is limited to a maximum of 2 mortgaged residences, but rental and business properties are not counted in the limit of 2. You may not be eligible for this deduction if your aggregate mortgage balance is more than $1,000,000, or $500,000 if married and filing separately. However, you cannot use the $1,000,000 deduction if you paid cash for your home and later used it as collateral for an equity loan.
You may also be able to deduct some of the interest paid on a home equity loan. You may deduct the smaller of $100,000 (or $50,000 for each member of a married couple if they file separately), or the total of your home's fair market value (what your house would cost on the open market, less other debts against it). The IRS limits the amount of debt you can consider home equity for this deduction using very complicated rules.
Points are certain charges you pay to get a home mortgage. Points are also called loan origination fees, maximum loan charges, loan discount, or discount points. A point is 1% of your loan principal and a home loan is usually associated with 1 to 3 points which can total thousands of dollars. You can fully deduct points associated with a home purchase mortgage. If the points are paid to refinance a mortgage, the points will be deductible over the life of the loan.
Property/Real Estate Taxes
Usually, your state or local government will charge a tax, known as a real estate or property tax, once you own a piece of real estate. These taxes are fully deductible from your income. The tax you are charged must be for the welfare of the general public or for some public service.
If you move because you got a new job, you may be able to deduct some of your moving costs. To qualify for these deductions, you must meet all of the following requirements:
If you meet the requirements above, you can deduct the expenses of:
If you sell your home, you may be able to exclude the profit you make from being taxed. To be eligible for this deduction, you must have owned and lived in the property as your main home for at least 2 years during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale of the home. A home can be a:
If you are a married taxpayer (filing jointly), you can keep up to $500,000 in profit on the sale of your home. If you are single or married and filing separately, you can keep up to $250,000 tax-free. This is also applicable to you if you are single and own a home jointly.
Although the IRS has published literature on tax benefits on its website, many rules are quite complicated and contain many exceptions. A tax attorney will be able to determine what benefits you are eligible for and how you can fully take advantage of owning a home for tax purposes.
Last Modified: 10-28-2014 03:59 PM PDTLaw Library Disclaimer
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