Process of Filing a Racial Bias Claim

Where You Need a Lawyer:

(This may not be the same place you live)

At No Cost! 

 What Should I Do if I Have Suffered Racial Discrimination at Work?

If you believe you’ve been a victim of racial discrimination in your workplace, it’s time to take systematic steps to address and rectify the situation:

Document Everything

The first line of defense against racial bias is comprehensive documentation. If you feel you’re being discriminated against, make sure that you meticulously record every incident that raises concern. This isn’t just limited to overt acts of discrimination; subtle comments, unwarranted actions, or even decisions that seem skewed due to race should be documented. Keeping a journal or a dedicated file can be helpful. Make sure you note:

  • Specific Comments or Actions: Write down verbatim comments if possible. For actions, describe them in as much detail as you can recall.
  • Context: Describe the setting in which the incident occurred. Was it during a meeting, a casual office interaction, or an official review?
  • Dates and Times: Precise dates and times can establish patterns or frequency of discrimination.
  • Location: Mention where the incident took place. Different locations can sometimes indicate the pervasiveness of the bias.
  • Witnesses: If someone witnessed the event, jot down their names. They might be helpful in corroborating your claims later.

Report Internally

While it’s important to have personal records, it’s equally important to notify the company about the discrimination:

  • Immediate Supervisor: Always begin by informing your immediate supervisor unless they are the source of the bias. In that case, move up the chain or consider alternate reporting channels.
  • Human Resources: HR departments are typically trained to handle such complaints. Approach them formally and provide all the evidence you’ve gathered.
  • Company Protocol: Adhere to your company’s grievance procedures. This often means filling out specific forms or following a particular process.
  • Maintain Correspondence: Always keep copies of every interaction regarding your complaint. This includes emails, letters, reports, or even text messages.

Know Your Rights

Understanding your rights is key when confronting racial discrimination:

  • Federal Laws: At the forefront is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, a significant federal law that strictly prohibits employers from discriminating against employees based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Understanding the nuances of this Act can help you determine the validity of your claims.
  • Educate Yourself: Consider attending workshops, seminars, or even online courses on workplace rights. This education not only fortifies your understanding but also empowers you to stand against any form of discrimination.

What Happens After I File My Claim With the EEOC?

After filing your racial discrimination claim with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC):

Initial Review

Upon filing a complaint of racial discrimination with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the first step is the initial review. During this phase, the EEOC assesses the details you’ve provided, ensuring that your claim aligns with the criteria set for potential racial discrimination cases. This involves checking the timeliness of the complaint, the jurisdiction of the EEOC based on the size of your employer, and the nature of your allegations.

If your claim satisfies these preliminary checks, it gets formally docketed. This means the complaint is officially entered into the EEOC’s system, setting the stage for further steps in the resolution process.


Before diving deep into investigations, the EEOC will start mediations. This process brings together you, the complainant, and your employer in a neutral setting. The goal is to foster open communication and arrive at a mutually agreeable solution.

A trained mediator, who remains impartial, facilitates the dialogue. The mediator doesn’t decide who’s right or wrong but helps both parties understand each other’s perspectives and find common ground. If an agreement is reached, it’s binding. However, if either party declines mediation or if it’s unsuccessful, the process moves forward to investigation.


The investigation phase is a more comprehensive look into the allegations you’ve put forth. The EEOC will gather evidence, which may involve:

  • Interviews: The EEOC may speak with you to delve deeper into your complaint. Similarly, they might interview your employer to get their side of the story. Potential witnesses who can shed light on the situation are also approached.
  • Document Review: The EEOC will often request documents from your employer, such as policies, employee files, or communication records. If you have pertinent documents, like emails or memos showing discrimination, they will be reviewed as well.


After a thorough investigation, the EEOC arrives at a determination. If the evidence supports that discrimination occurred, the EEOC will first attempt to facilitate a settlement between you and your employer. This settlement can involve remedies like back pay, job reinstatement, or even employer policy changes.

If a settlement isn’t achieved, the EEOC might decide to file a lawsuit against the employer on your behalf. However, in some cases, they may issue a “right to sue” letter, granting you the authority to pursue a lawsuit independently in a federal court. This determination, regardless of the outcome, is vital as it dictates the path forward in your quest for justice.

Can I File a Lawsuit Against My Employer?

Certainly, if you have been the victim of racial bias in the workplace, you have the legal right to seek justice by filing a racial bias lawsuit against your employer. However, there are key steps and processes to be aware of before proceeding to the courtroom.

Understanding the Process

Before you can directly file a lawsuit, you’re generally required to exhaust certain “administrative remedies.” This means that instead of immediately heading to court, you should first bring your complaints to agencies designed to handle such grievances. These agencies include the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or its state-level counterparts. These agencies are equipped to assess, investigate, and sometimes even mediate or resolve discrimination complaints.

Receiving the “Right to Sue” Letter

After you’ve filed your complaint with the EEOC and they’ve concluded their investigation, one potential outcome is the issuance of a “right to sue” letter. This document is crucial—it formally grants you permission to pursue a lawsuit against your employer in federal court. It’s essentially a signal that you’ve met the requirement first to seek a resolution through administrative channels and are now free to litigate.

Time is of the Essence

Upon receipt of the “right to sue” letter, you must be vigilant about the timeline. There’s a strict window—typically only 90 days from the date of the letter’s receipt—within which you must initiate your lawsuit for racial bias in your workplace. Missing this window could bar you from seeking justice in court.

Importance of Documentation and Evidence

While the “right to sue” letter is a green light to proceed legally, a successful lawsuit requires strong evidence. This encompasses all documentation related to the discrimination, from personal records of incidents to any correspondence with the employer or HR and findings from the EEOC investigation. This body of evidence will serve as the foundation of your legal claim.

Do I Need an Attorney?

Absolutely. Going through with a racial discrimination claim requires representation from a lawyer.

If you’ve been a victim of racial bias in your workplace, don’t face it alone. Reach out to a qualified discrimination lawyer through LegalMatch. They can guide you through the process, ensuring your rights are protected and helping you seek the justice you deserve.


16 people have successfully posted their cases

Find a Lawyer