Just cause eviction statutes are laws that protect tenants from eviction for an improper reason. Cities or states that have just cause eviction statutes allow landlords or owners to evict a tenant only for certain reasons, such as failure to pay rent or for violation of the lease terms.
Only a few states, such as New Jersey and New Hampshire, have just cause eviction statutes. Many cities also have just cause eviction statutes such as San Francisco, Seattle, Chicago, and New York City. Most rent controlled cities also require just cause evictions.
Just cause evictions statutes generally only apply to an owner of a building that has a certain number of units. Generally, there must be 6 or more units in the building for the owner to be subject to the just cause eviction statute, but the number of units varies by city.
Local statute’s vary on what type of activity can result in a just cause eviction. Some of the most common types of action that can lead to a just cause eviction are:
Generally, the rent control board of the city or a similar association is set up to ensure that the proper procedures are being followed for evictions.
If a tenant is evicted for reasons other than those permitted by the just cause eviction statute, the owner must offer the unit back to the evicted tenant first before attempting to rent to another tenant. The tenant also has a cause of action for wrongful eviction.
Just cause eviction laws are complex and vary by city. An experienced landlord-tenant lawyer can advise you of the just cause evictions laws in your locality. A landlord-tenant attorney can also file any necessary paperwork and represent you in court.
Last Modified: 07-25-2018 06:41 PM PDTLaw Library Disclaimer
We've helped more than 4 million clients find the right lawyer – for free. Present your case online in minutes. LegalMatch matches you to pre-screened lawyers in your city or county based on the specifics of your case. Within 24 hours experienced local lawyers review it and evaluate if you have a solid case. If so, attorneys respond with an offer to represent you that includes a full attorney profile with details on their fee structure, background, and ratings by other LegalMatch users so you can decide if they're the right lawyer for you.