Burglary is defined as the unlawful entry into a building, with the intent to commit a crime in the structure. Some jurisdictions include other elements, such as breaking and entering at nighttime, or intending to commit a felony. Burglary is sometimes classified as a “crime against the habitation,” although the building does not usually need to be a home.
Since there are so many elements to the crime of burglary, many cases that seem like burglary actually are not. For example, if the defendant was granted access to the building, it will not be considered burglary. Or, if they did not intend to commit a crime, it also would not be considered burglary, even if the entry was illegal. However, they may be guilty of other crimes like larceny.
Probably the best defense against a burglary charge is where all the necessary elements of proof have not been met. As mentioned, all the elements need to be satisfied in order to be guilty of burglary. Defenses raised in relation to the elements of burglary are called “affirmative defenses.” These may include:
Other criminal defenses may be applicable to burglary cases, including:
Again, it is common for burglary defenses to result in the charges being lessened from burglary to a less serious crime, like petty theft or breaking and entering. Also, burglary can be confusing, and many people attempt to file a burglary charge when really it is an entirely different crime in question. Be sure to consult with an attorney if you have questions about burglary laws in your area.
Burglary is probably one of the more misunderstood areas of criminal law. If you are facing burglary charges, you may wish to speak with a criminal defense attorney immediately. Ignorance of the law is not a valid defense, but a qualified criminal lawyer can advise you on your options in terms of raising a defense.
Last Modified: 05-02-2018 06:47 PM PDTLaw Library Disclaimer
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