A loan approval or commitment is made after a lender agrees to make a mortgage loan. Lenders will often provide a written loan approval or commitment, which describes all of the major terms of the agreement, such as the loan amount, interest rate, fees, and charges.
Written loan approvals or commitments are not always required by law, but they are always a good idea because without writing, nobody will be able to prove what the original terms of the loan were if the bank decides to charge more. Courts may believe a financial institution more than a person unless there is written proof.
As a tip, if a lender does not provide a written loan approval or commitment, have the lender or broker provide a written terms sheet which includes the principal amount of the loan, the interest rate, and the length of the loan term. If a lender will not provide written confirmation of the loan terms early in the process, it is probably a good idea to continue shopping around for a better institution.
You should look at the final terms of the loan and make sure they are what was promised and what is wanted. If the final loan terms have parts that are unexpected or difficult to understand, ask the lender what it means and why it is there. Continue to negotiate and push for better deals. Just because a bank provides you with a loan commitment does not mean you must accept the loan and sign loan documents. You can still say no and a bank cannot force you to borrow their money.
You should receive this document a reasonable time before being asked to sign final loan documents. This will give you an opportunity to decide if you really want this loan and to catch any mistakes there might be. Always ask for a written loan approval or commitment and store it in a safe place.
Dealing with financial matters such as a mortgage loan is often confusing and stressful. Consult a real estate attorney for advice or to help you if you have any problems.
Last Modified: 08-17-2015 06:56 PM PDTLaw Library Disclaimer
We've helped more than 4 million clients find the right lawyer – for free. Present your case online in minutes. LegalMatch matches you to pre-screened lawyers in your city or county based on the specifics of your case. Within 24 hours experienced local lawyers review it and evaluate if you have a solid case. If so, attorneys respond with an offer to represent you that includes a full attorney profile with details on their fee structure, background, and ratings by other LegalMatch users so you can decide if they're the right lawyer for you.