What Are the Different Types of Lawyers?

Find a Lawyer Now

What Types of Lawyers Are There?

Whether you are thinking about filing a lawsuit or asking questions about a legal dispute, you need a lawyer to help you. Often people are confused about what type of lawyer they need to hire. Similar to physicians, lawyers generally work in a specific area of law.

Bankruptcy Lawyers

Bankruptcy lawyers are focused on debts of clients. They may represent clients filing for personal or business bankruptcy. They may also represent clients who are creditors seeking to get paid in a bankruptcy petition. Contact a Bankruptcy Lawyer!

Business Lawyers

Business or corporate lawyers focus on specific areas of law like mergers, acquisitions, or basic legal tasks such as creating contracts. Clients often hire business lawyers when they want to start company, negotiate a business deal, or file a lawsuit. Business lawyers are also available to give legal advice about the business law.

Criminal Defense Lawyers

Criminal defense lawyers assist individuals accused of committing a crime ranging from theft, to driving under the influence to murder. These criminal charges are prosecuted by a state or federal district attorney’s office. Prosecutors don’t negotiate with those accused of crimes. They will negotiate with defense attorneys to reduce or discharges. If a plea doesn’t occur, a criminal lawyer will represent the accused at trial.

Employment Lawyers

Employment and labor lawyers handle legal issues strictly related to employment. These legal topics range from ensuring a company complies with federal and state labor laws to suing employers. Many lawyers also defend businesses in employment lawsuits. Some employment lawyers don’t litigate, but draw up contracts and offer legal advice.

Estate Lawyers

Individuals interested in being financially sound often turn to estate lawyers. These lawyers create trusts, draft wills and distribute property as an executor of a client’s will. Some estate lawyers represent clients who are contesting a will or trust.

Family Law Lawyers

The term family law includes topics that involve couples, children, and spouses. For example, family law lawyers represent clients in custody, child support and divorce cases. They also assist couples with pre- and post-nuptial agreements.

Finance and Securities Lawyers

Finance and securities is a subsection of business law. However, these lawyers only focus on legal issues involving:

Immigration Lawyers

Immigration lawyers assist with employees and family members wanting to secure visas for foreign-born individuals. Majority of work for immigration lawyers come from businesses since they hire a lot of employees from outside the United States. The type of immigration work involves filing forms with the U.S. government on clients’ behalf.

Intellectual Property Lawyers

IP lawyers focus strictly on protecting intangible property. Intellectual property has three areas of law:

Intellectual property lawyers are divided into two areas: those who strictly protect intellectual property and litigators. Lawyers who protect the property file paperwork to obtain the copyright, trademark or patents. Other lawyers sue when there’s a copyright violation such as using a song without the artist’s permission.

Personal Injury Lawyers

Personal injury is the most diverse area of law because involves any injury and accident. For example, car accidents, medical malpractice and defective products are in the category of personal injury. Personal injury lawyers typically handle a certain legal issues. For instance, you are injured when you slipped and fell in a grocery store. You wouldn’t hire a car accident personal injury lawyer, but one who specializes in slip and fall cases. Majority of personal injury lawyers work on contingency fee which means they do the work first. They are paid out of a jury award or settlement their clients receive.

Real Estate Lawyers

Legal matters involving property and real estate issues are handled by real estate lawyers. The type of work each lawyer does depends on their expertise. Some lawyers represent clients in real estate disputes. Other lawyers only handle real estate transactions such as buying and selling property or drafting legal documents. Also, real estate lawyer may focus solely on commercial or residential real estate.

Tax Lawyers

Tax lawyers help individuals and businesses follow federal and state laws regarding tax return filings. Some tax lawyers do work in estate planning.

Consult a Lawyer - Present Your Case Now!
Last Modified: 05-21-2015 03:07 PM PDT

Find the Right Lawyer Now

Link to this page

Law Library Disclaimer

LegalMatch Service Mark