What is a Lawsuit Lawyer?
Lawsuit lawyers are civil attorneys. A civil attorney is most commonly known as a litigator. These lawyers are hired by a client in order to pursue or defend a civil lawsuit in a court of law. Generally speaking, civil attorneys address and solve legal issues encountered by the citizens of society. Such issues typically arise everyday between people in a social or business setting.
Because of this, civil attorneys are sometimes said to resolve private wrongs between two or more citizens. Civil law disputes typically involve interpersonal conflicts, or conflicts involving businesses. The United States legal system is essentially divided into two branches, civil law and criminal law. Civil law is different from criminal law due to the fact that criminal law involves conduct that breaks criminal laws or statutes somehow.
Civil law can also result in heavy fines or other consequences, similar to criminal law. However, the sentences are often far lighter in comparison. And, criminal law often comes with additional protections for the defendant. An example of this would be the reading of Miranda Rights before an interrogation. Additionally, the burden of proof for guilt is higher in criminal law cases than in civil lawsuits.
It is important to note that civil law and criminal law are not necessarily exclusive. It is possible to be sued and fined in a civil law proceeding, and then sentenced in criminal law, or vice versa. Typically, if a person has already been found guilty in a criminal court of law, it will be easier to sue them and find them liable in a civil law court.
What Types of Duties and Tasks Do Lawsuit Attorneys Perform?
Lawsuit attorneys practice in nearly any field that people interact and conduct business in, and they can cover a very wide range of legal issues and topics. Some examples include:
- Personal injury law;
- Employment law;
- Family law;
- Business and finance law;
- Immigration law;
- Real estate law;
- Health and medicine/medical law; and
- Landlord/tenant law.
Some civil law attorneys may practice in a wide range of areas. An example of this would be how a single attorney or law firm may handle a combination of practice areas, such as personal injury cases, family law, and real estate law.
Once a civil attorney has been retained, they will handle all major aspects of their client’s lawsuit. This includes but may not be limited to:
- Interviewing their client and other witnesses/parties to build the case;
- Prepare for and conduct depositions to be used as testimonial evidence;
- Handle all correspondence with the other party’s lawyers as well as the court;
- File motions, briefs, and other documents with the court;
- Make a discovery plan and serve discovery requests to the other party;
- Hire expert witnesses to testify about any technical or medical issues that concern the case;
- Engage in settlement negotiations with the other party’s attorneys; and
- Present the case before a jury and/or judge.
What Are Some Criteria for Selecting a Lawsuit Lawyer?
Something to consider when hiring an attorney is the cost of their services. The cost of your civil attorney will vary depending upon some of the following criteria:
- The area of law that your claim encompasses;
- The experience of the attorney you hire;
- The difficulty of the case; and
- The amount of time spent pursuing or defending the lawsuit.
The cost of your attorney will also be affected by the fee structure you choose for representation. If a lawyer takes your case on a contingent basis, they will recover an agreed upon percentage of your total recovery. This number is usually around 30 percent. Alternatively, you may pay your attorney based upon their hourly fee, while some attorneys also offer to take cases for a flat rate.
When selecting a lawsuit lawyer, you should first and foremost consider their experience with other cases similar to your own. Also take into consideration their expertise, reputation, and integrity. Maybe most importantly, consider how compassionately they treat their potential clients as well as the opposing side. Your attorney should be professional and competent while remaining compassionate.
How Do You Know If You Need a Lawsuit Lawyer For Your Case?
Someone can sue or be sued under almost any non-criminal theory of law. If you believe you have been wronged financially or otherwise, it would be ideal to hire a civil attorney in order to help you assess the merits of your case. Additionally, if another person or business ever sues you, it is best to immediately consult with an attorney to determine the best course of action. Delaying your response to the lawsuit can have dire consequences for your defense.
If you must file a lawsuit, or someone has filed a lawsuit against you, consult with a skilled and knowledgeable civil attorney. An experienced and local lawsuit lawyer will be able to represent you in court as needed. A good way to find an attorney is by searching lawsuit lawyers near me. You may also utilize LegalMatch’s services to connect you with a qualified and experienced attorney in your area.