Warranties Lawyers

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What Is a Warranty?

A warranty is a guarantee made by the seller of goods or products about the good or product. Through a warranty, a seller makes an assurance about the quality of the goods, products or services the seller provides. A warranty is useful to a buyer because if the product fails to perform in the way the buyer believed it would, the seller may be held accountable.

Express Warranties

Express warranties are warranties created by the overt words or actions of a seller. An express warranty can be created by:

Implied Warranties

An implied warranty is a warranty created by the law. Implied warranties automatically apply when the seller offers some product for sale, even if the seller says nothing about the way the product will perform. Two common implied warranties are for merchantability, and fitness for a particular use.

Implied Warranty of Merchantability

The implied warranty of merchantability guarantees that the product is fit to use in a way that the product is supposed to be used  When a seller sells a product, the implied warranty of merchantability guarantees that:

Implied Warranty of Fitness for a Particular Use

When you tell the seller that you want to use a product in a specific way and the seller gives you a product, they are warranting that the product they provided is fit for the use you had in mind. The implied warranty of fitness for particular use applies when:

Who Is Held Responsible for a Breach of an Implied Warranty?

The law implies warranties only when the merchant or seller typically deals in the sale of the products or goods being sold. Implied warranties do not apply to an individual who sells a product once. For example: A warranty is implied when an automotive store sells a car tire because the automotive store deals with car tires regularly. A warranty is not implied when a grandmother sells her old toaster, unless the grandmother deals in the sales of old toasters routinely. More information on Breach of Warranty.

Can a Seller Disclaim Implied Warranties?

For a seller to avoid possible liability for an implied warranty, the seller needs to inform the buyers, in writing, that the seller would not be liable if the product is defective or does not perform as the buyer believed it would.

"As Is" Products

Some sellers sell their products "as is" in order to disclaim the implied warranties. However, sellers may still be liable when they sell products "as is." If a product is dangerous, defective or causes injury to a person, the seller may still be liable for the damage done. Additionally, many states regulate how a seller can sell a product "as is." A seller interested in selling a product "as is" needs to check the local law to ensure that the seller's product conforms to applicable law.

Should I Consult an Attorney about Warranty Breaches?

Both the Uniform Commercial Code and local state law govern the law of warranties. An attorney can help you determine whether you, as a seller, may be bound by a warranty. A lawyer can also help the seller review language on labels so that the seller is not warranting anything without knowing. An attorney can also help you when a product fails and you wish to know if the seller of that product has breached a warranty.

Vea esta página en español: Garantías o visita Abogados-Leyes.com para más información legal.

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Last Modified: 12-21-2010 11:22 AM PST

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