Lawful permanent residents of the United States receive a photo identity card, that is green in color. As such, permanent resident cards are known informally as "Green cards". Green card holders are immigrants who are given rights, privileges, and benefits to permanently and legally reside in the United States.
Immigrants who are seeking permanent resident status may apply for, renew, or replace a green card through the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). A green card gives an individual official immigration status in the United States, and is required if the individual wishes to naturalize as a U.S. citizen.
In order to apply for a green card, an individual must be eligible to do so under one of several categories, such as being a human trafficking or crime victim, through family, or through employment. If an individual thinks he or she may be eligible under one of the categories listed on the USCIS website, it is recommended to seek legal counsel in moving forward with a green card application.
Unfortunately, there have been instances of scammers who take advantage of people who are unfamiliar with the immigration, visa or green card process. This type of fraud typically involves obtaining personal information or money in exchange for the promise of getting the individual through the immigration process. Before agreeing to anything related permanent visas or green cards, speak with an immigration lawyer for advice.
Another method to obtain a green card is through the United States' Diversity Immigrant Visa (DV) Lottery program. Each year, the green card lottery allows for up to 50,000 immigrant visas to be awarded to foreign nationals in countries with a low rate of immigration to the U.S.
For more information on the DV lottery, check out the State Department’s DV lottery website. As mentioned before, beware of fraudulent scams, and do not hesitate to contact an immigration attorney for guidance.