In this issue:
Millions will descend upon America's ski slopes this season to fling themselves downhill at varying rates of speed and skill. But what happens if you or a loved one is hurt or killed? The National Ski Area Association reported that an average of 40 people are killed each year in skiing accidents and another 45 are severely injured meaning paralyzed or suffering a traumatic brain injury.
Below are some of the most common legal issues associated with the ski season:
The Purchase or Sale of Fraudulent Ski Lift Tickets
The big skiing destinations of Colorado, California, Utah, and Vermont all have separate laws that are solely dedicated to people who attempt to ski or snowboard with a fake, stolen, borrowed, or even without a ski lift ticket. In these states, fraudulent lift ticket crimes are prosecuted differently than normal criminal fraud or common theft charges. Fines up to $500 and jail time or a combination are normal sentences. To avoid being brought up on these charges:
- Only purchase lift tickets from a certified vendor or resort
- Do not take or borrow someone else's lift ticket
- Use only resort issued passes
- Do not fabricate your own pass
If you have a specific question about fraud or want to read others' questions and answers to get an idea of the issues, visit our Criminal Law Forum.
Home Renovations: Permits, Zoning, and You
Since the economy has gone in the tank, many people have decided to renovate their homes rather than move. Many remodeling projects are often nothing like you see on HGTV home shows. Home renovations can be confusing and require many different considerations beyond picking materials.
One crucial part of home renovation is deciding whether you need a permit for your project. If you do not comply with local code and zoning ordinances, your home renovation could become a nightmare. Your local government could issue a stop work permit, fines, or even have your renovation taken down. You may also have to make costly repairs to bring your home up to code before selling it. In the end, building permits are normally fairly inexpensive for small alterations ($20 to $30), and can be acquired at your local government office.
- Building a garage
- Adding a room
- Installing a swimming pool or pond
- Building a deck that rises more than 30 feet off the ground
- Adding or changing window and door locations
- Relocating or adding plumbing
- Knocking down a load bearing wall
- Altering the home's footprint
- New electrical work
- Re-roofing your home
- Putting in new flooring like carpet and hardwood floors
- New countertops
- Replacing siding
- Minor electrical work
- Building a fence less than 6 feet high
- Installing swings or playground equipment for a one or two family home
Concurrent with the remodeling trend, LegalMatch has seen an increase in the quantity of contractor and home renovation-related cases like local zoning ordinance challenges and improper construction cases. Be sure to check out your contractor's credentials and make sure you get the required permits. If you do have a construction dispute, it's best to consult a reputable lawyer in your area.
Lindsay Lohan and Paris Hilton Get Robbed:
A Guide to Stolen Property
The "Hollywood Hills Burglar Bunch" is on trial for allegedly commiting residence burglarizing of over $3 million of property from stars like Lindsay Lohan and Paris Hilton. The bunch was allegedly using star maps and paparazzi photos to track their victims, break into their houses, and steal expensive garb.
This trial, plus the beginning of the Holiday Season, raises the issue of possessing and buying stolen property. The prevalence of Craigslist.com and Ebay.com seem to offer an inherent percentage of scammers and thieves that are trying to make a quick buck. But what happens if you buy stolen merchandise?
It is a crime to accept or purchase property that you know or believe to be stolen. The crime of receiving stolen property was enacted to deter people from rewarding thieves and deter theft in general. Penalties for this crime range from a misdemeanor to a felony. This doesn't mean that you will be arrested if the Nintendo Wii that you bought on Craigslist.com turns out to be stolen. However, if you went online after hearing about the robberies and tried to buy some of the Lohan and Hilton loot, then you may fall under the provisions of the crime because you knew, or at least could reasonably infer, that the items were stolen.
In Order to Be Convicted of Receiving Stolen Property, the Prosecution Must Show:
- The property was in fact stolen
- You were aware, or should have known, that the property was stolen
- Jail or prison time
It is likely that at some point we will all have bought some kind of ill appropriated merchandise; but the important thing to remember this Holiday Season if you buy stolen property, you could face criminal charges. Don't feel too bad about spending the extra few dollars to buy items from retailers - you should feel good about stimulating the economy!
You Poisoned Me, Fruitcake!
There's a considerable increase in the number of people dining out during the holidays, which usually means that there will be some kind of food poisoning outbreak. As if we didn't have enough to worry about with the Flu season and H1N1 virus…
Food poisoning is the result of bacteria like E. Coli, viruses, or pesticides finding its way into your food. While food safety in the United States is regulated by a number of government entities like the Food and Drug Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Department of Health and Human Services, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the FDA website still reports that "everyone is at risk for food poisoning."
MedlinePlus reports that 60 to 80 million people get food poisoning around the globe each year; and if you have ever had it, you know it's insufferable. There are certain precautions that can be taken to lower your chance of being afflicted, like observing how the food is handled, but this is not always realistic.
If you are looking for compensation for medical bills, loss of work, or other issues associated with contracting food poisoning, then you may want to look into filing a personal injury lawsuit against the restaurant or grocery store that sold you the contaminated food. You must be able to prove that your injuries were caused by the defective product and that the defect was present when it left the control of the seller. Food poisoning cases can be difficult to litigate because the chain of events leading up to the illness and causation are hard to establish. An experienced products liability or personal injury lawyer can help you recover costs associated with the poisoning.
Top 10 Holiday Party Blunders
The Holidays are notoriously a time for people to wash down awkward forced social interactions with large amounts of eggnog spiked with brandy, or whatever those kids are drinking these days. We've all seen sitcoms that revolve around one overly drunk employee at a holiday party-but what happens in real life?
Below are the Top 10 Party Blunders you should steer clear of this season because they will drastically increase your likelihood of spending your Valentines Day in jail or the doghouse, and nobody wants that!
- Supplying Alcohol to Minors: Alcohol providers can be held liable for supplying alcohol to minors in addition to their subsequent actions and even death. Supplying alcohol to minors opens the door to a host of other legal problems; it's not a good idea.
- Speeding/Reckless Driving: The increased police presence during the holidays may leave your insurance premiums with quite the hangover. The National Highway Safety Administration reports that over 50% of drivers pulled over for violations that fall under the reckless driving umbrella like near misses and swerving were cited for DUI.
- Vandalism: Putting holes in your neighbor's inflatable Santa may seem fun in theory but you'll likely become the neighborhood pariah if caught. In addition to the jeers you'll likely receive from neighbors, criminal charges, fines, and jail time (plus an expensive vandalism lawyer) are common for property crimes.
- Drunk in Public: Public drunkenness normally results in misdemeanor charges and the resulting probation, time in the drunk tank, jail, and fines. Often, charges for public drunkenness are accompanied by disorderly conduct charges, too.
- Trespassing: Regardless of how nice that Jacuzzi may look when it's cold, trespassing laws don't have any "but it was Christmas" exceptions. Imprisonment, fines, and monetary compensation are a few regular remedies for trespassing offenses - so you don't want to be looking for trespassing lawyers this season (nNor do we want to see one!).
- Theft: One of the most common charges during the holidays is being caught for theft. While you can make plenty of Grinch jokes, even common theft can result in a felony charge. It's important to remember that you don't have to steal - people love homemade gifts (or at least they can't complain to your face about them). If you're unsure about this topic, be sure to read our Elements of Theft article.
- Drug Charges: Holidays are a time to celebrate but one charge that will be sure to take the tinsel off your trees is drug possession. Drug crimes result in serious criminal charges that can entail hefty jail time and fees.
- Assault and Battery: Everyone has a family member or friend that they just can't stand to be around. Before you decide to slap them with a Yule Log or rifle peppermint bark at their head, you should know that assault and battery charges can result in significant fines, probation, or imprisonment. Not to mention you'll probably be getting coal in your stocking.
- Sexual Assault: Remember that an open-hand slap on the behind is not the same congratulatory gesture at your office party as it is in professional sports. Sexual assault is defined as the nonconsensual sexual contact or touching of another by use or threat of force or violence. Unlike sexual battery, sexual assault does not require penetration to constitute a criminal violation. You could loose your job and serve time in the clink.
- Driving Under the Influence (DUI): The most deadly offense associated with the holiday season is Drunk Driving DUI. There will be DUI check points and an increased police presence that looks for reckless driving and other impaired driving characteristics. Driving drunk will present repercussions ranging from a suspended license and imprisonment to heavy fines and felony charges. Penalties for drunk driving differ from state to state but offer stiff repercussions across the nation.